JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.3.1

java.awt
Class Rectangle

java.lang.Object
  |
  +--java.awt.geom.RectangularShape
        |
        +--java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D
              |
              +--java.awt.Rectangle
All Implemented Interfaces:
Cloneable, Serializable, Shape
Direct Known Subclasses:
DefaultCaret

public class Rectangle
extends Rectangle2D
implements Shape, Serializable

A Rectangle specifies an area in a coordinate space that is enclosed by the Rectangle object's top-left point (xy) in the coordinate space, its width, and its height.

A Rectangle object's width and height are public fields. The constructors that create a Rectangle, and the methods that can modify one, do not prevent setting a negative value for width or height.

A Rectangle whose width or height is negative is considered empty. If the Rectangle is empty, then the isEmpty method returns true. No point can be contained by or inside an empty Rectangle. The values of width and height, however, are still valid. An empty Rectangle still has a location in the coordinate space, and methods that change its size or location remain valid. The behavior of methods that operate on more than one Rectangle is undefined if any of the participating Rectangle objects has a negative width or height. These methods include intersects, intersection, and union.

Since:
JDK1.0
See Also:
Serialized Form

Inner classes inherited from class java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D
Rectangle2D.Double, Rectangle2D.Float
 
Field Summary
 int height
          The height of the Rectangle.
 int width
          The width of the Rectangle.
 int x
          The x coordinate of the Rectangle.
 int y
          The y coordinate of the Rectangle.
 
Fields inherited from class java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D
OUT_BOTTOM, OUT_LEFT, OUT_RIGHT, OUT_TOP
 
Constructor Summary
Rectangle()
          Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is at (0, 0) in the coordinate space, and whose width and height are both zero.
Rectangle(Dimension d)
          Constructs a new Rectangle whose top left corner is (0, 0) and whose width and height are specified by the Dimension argument.
Rectangle(int width, int height)
          Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is at (0, 0) in the coordinate space, and whose width and height are specified by the arguments of the same name.
Rectangle(int x, int y, int width, int height)
          Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is specified as (xy) and whose width and height are specified by the arguments of the same name.
Rectangle(Point p)
          Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is the specified Point, and whose width and height are both zero.
Rectangle(Point p, Dimension d)
          Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is specified by the Point argument, and whose width and height are specified by the Dimension argument.
Rectangle(Rectangle r)
          Constructs a new Rectangle, initialized to match the values of the specificed Rectangle.
 
Method Summary
 void add(int newx, int newy)
          Adds a point, specified by the integer arguments newx and newy, to this Rectangle.
 void add(Point pt)
          Adds the specified Point to this Rectangle.
 void add(Rectangle r)
          Adds a Rectangle to this Rectangle.
 boolean contains(int x, int y)
          Checks whether or not this Rectangle contains the point at the specified location (xy).
 boolean contains(int X, int Y, int W, int H)
          Checks whether this Rectangle entirely contains the Rectangle at the specified location (XY) with the specified dimensions (WH).
 boolean contains(Point p)
          Checks whether or not this Rectangle contains the specified Point.
 boolean contains(Rectangle r)
          Checks whether or not this Rectangle entirely contains the specified Rectangle.
 Rectangle2D createIntersection(Rectangle2D r)
          Returns a new Rectangle2D object representing the intersection of this Rectangle with the specified Rectangle2D.
 Rectangle2D createUnion(Rectangle2D r)
          Returns a new Rectangle2D object representing the union of this Rectangle with the specified Rectangle2D.
 boolean equals(Object obj)
          Checks whether two rectangles are equal.
 Rectangle getBounds()
          Gets the bounding Rectangle of this Rectangle.
 Rectangle2D getBounds2D()
          Return the high precision bounding box of this rectangle.
 double getHeight()
          Returns the height of the bounding Rectangle in double precision.
 Point getLocation()
          Returns the location of this Rectangle.
 Dimension getSize()
          Gets the size of this Rectangle, represented by the returned Dimension.
 double getWidth()
          Returns the width of the bounding Rectangle in double precision.
 double getX()
          Returns the X coordinate of the bounding Rectangle in double precision.
 double getY()
          Returns the Y coordinate of the bounding Rectangle in double precision.
 void grow(int h, int v)
          Resizes the Rectangle both horizontally and vertically.
 boolean inside(int x, int y)
          Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by contains(int, int).
 Rectangle intersection(Rectangle r)
          Computes the intersection of this Rectangle with the specified Rectangle.
 boolean intersects(Rectangle r)
          Determines whether or not this Rectangle and the specified Rectangle intersect.
 boolean isEmpty()
          Determines whether or not this Rectangle is empty.
 void move(int x, int y)
          Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by setLocation(int, int).
 int outcode(double x, double y)
          Determines where the specified coordinates lie with respect to this Rectangle.
 void reshape(int x, int y, int width, int height)
          Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by setBounds(int, int, int, int).
 void resize(int width, int height)
          Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by setSize(int, int).
 void setBounds(int x, int y, int width, int height)
          Sets the bounding Rectangle of this Rectangle to the specified x, y, width, and height.
 void setBounds(Rectangle r)
          Sets the bounding Rectangle of this Rectangle to match the specified Rectangle.
 void setLocation(int x, int y)
          Moves this Rectangle to the specified location.
 void setLocation(Point p)
          Moves this Rectangle to the specified location.
 void setRect(double x, double y, double width, double height)
          Sets the bounds of this Rectangle to the specified x, y, width, and height.
 void setSize(Dimension d)
          Sets the size of this Rectangle to match the specified Dimension.
 void setSize(int width, int height)
          Sets the size of this Rectangle to the specified width and height.
 String toString()
          Returns a String representing this Rectangle and its values.
 void translate(int x, int y)
          Translates this Rectangle the indicated distance, to the right along the x coordinate axis, and downward along the y coordinate axis.
 Rectangle union(Rectangle r)
          Computes the union of this Rectangle with the specified Rectangle.
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D
add, add, add, contains, contains, getPathIterator, getPathIterator, hashCode, intersect, intersects, intersectsLine, intersectsLine, outcode, setFrame, setRect, union
 
Methods inherited from class java.awt.geom.RectangularShape
clone, contains, contains, getCenterX, getCenterY, getFrame, getMaxX, getMaxY, getMinX, getMinY, intersects, setFrame, setFrame, setFrameFromCenter, setFrameFromCenter, setFrameFromDiagonal, setFrameFromDiagonal
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface java.awt.Shape
contains, contains, contains, contains, getPathIterator, getPathIterator, intersects, intersects
 

Field Detail

x

public int x
The x coordinate of the Rectangle.
See Also:
setLocation(int, int), getLocation()

y

public int y
The y coordinate of the Rectangle.
See Also:
setLocation(int, int), getLocation()

width

public int width
The width of the Rectangle.
See Also:
setSize(int, int), getSize()
Since:
JDK1.0.

height

public int height
The height of the Rectangle.
See Also:
setSize(int, int), getSize()
Constructor Detail

Rectangle

public Rectangle()
Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is at (0, 0) in the coordinate space, and whose width and height are both zero.

Rectangle

public Rectangle(Rectangle r)
Constructs a new Rectangle, initialized to match the values of the specificed Rectangle.
Parameters:
r - the Rectangle from which to copy initial values to a newly constructed Rectangle
Since:
JDK1.1

Rectangle

public Rectangle(int x,
                 int y,
                 int width,
                 int height)
Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is specified as (xy) and whose width and height are specified by the arguments of the same name.
Parameters:
x, y - the specified coordinates
width - the width of the Rectangle
height - the height of the Rectangle

Rectangle

public Rectangle(int width,
                 int height)
Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is at (0, 0) in the coordinate space, and whose width and height are specified by the arguments of the same name.
Parameters:
width - the width of the Rectangle
height - the height of the Rectangle

Rectangle

public Rectangle(Point p,
                 Dimension d)
Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is specified by the Point argument, and whose width and height are specified by the Dimension argument.
Parameters:
p - a Point that is the top-left corner of the Rectangle
d - a Dimension, representing the width and height of the Rectangle

Rectangle

public Rectangle(Point p)
Constructs a new Rectangle whose top-left corner is the specified Point, and whose width and height are both zero.
Parameters:
p - a Point that is the top left corner of the Rectangle

Rectangle

public Rectangle(Dimension d)
Constructs a new Rectangle whose top left corner is (0, 0) and whose width and height are specified by the Dimension argument.
Parameters:
d - a Dimension, specifying width and height
Method Detail

getX

public double getX()
Returns the X coordinate of the bounding Rectangle in double precision.
Overrides:
getX in class RectangularShape
Returns:
the x coordinate of the bounding Rectangle.

getY

public double getY()
Returns the Y coordinate of the bounding Rectangle in double precision.
Overrides:
getY in class RectangularShape
Returns:
the y coordinate of the bounding Rectangle.

getWidth

public double getWidth()
Returns the width of the bounding Rectangle in double precision.
Overrides:
getWidth in class RectangularShape
Returns:
the width of the bounding Rectangle.

getHeight

public double getHeight()
Returns the height of the bounding Rectangle in double precision.
Overrides:
getHeight in class RectangularShape
Returns:
the height of the bounding Rectangle.

getBounds

public Rectangle getBounds()
Gets the bounding Rectangle of this Rectangle.

This method is included for completeness, to parallel the getBounds method of Component.

Specified by:
getBounds in interface Shape
Overrides:
getBounds in class RectangularShape
Returns:
a new Rectangle, equal to the bounding Rectangle for this Rectangle.
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.getBounds()

getBounds2D

public Rectangle2D getBounds2D()
Return the high precision bounding box of this rectangle.
Specified by:
getBounds2D in interface Shape
Overrides:
getBounds2D in class Rectangle2D
Since:
1.2

setBounds

public void setBounds(Rectangle r)
Sets the bounding Rectangle of this Rectangle to match the specified Rectangle.

This method is included for completeness, to parallel the setBounds method of Component.

Parameters:
r - the specified Rectangle
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.setBounds(java.awt.Rectangle)

setBounds

public void setBounds(int x,
                      int y,
                      int width,
                      int height)
Sets the bounding Rectangle of this Rectangle to the specified x, y, width, and height.

This method is included for completeness, to parallel the setBounds method of Component.

Parameters:
x, y - the new coordinates for the top-left corner of this Rectangle
width - the new width for this Rectangle
height - the new height for this Rectangle
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.setBounds(int, int, int, int)

setRect

public void setRect(double x,
                    double y,
                    double width,
                    double height)
Sets the bounds of this Rectangle to the specified x, y, width, and height. This method is included for completeness, to parallel the setBounds method of Component.
Overrides:
setRect in class Rectangle2D
Parameters:
width - the new width for the Dimension object
height - the new height for the Dimension object

reshape

public void reshape(int x,
                    int y,
                    int width,
                    int height)
Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by setBounds(int, int, int, int).


getLocation

public Point getLocation()
Returns the location of this Rectangle.

This method is included for completeness, to parallel the getLocation method of Component.

Returns:
the Point that is the top-left corner of this Rectangle.
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.getLocation()

setLocation

public void setLocation(Point p)
Moves this Rectangle to the specified location.

This method is included for completeness, to parallel the setLocation method of Component.

Parameters:
p - the Point specifying the new location for this Rectangle
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.setLocation(java.awt.Point)

setLocation

public void setLocation(int x,
                        int y)
Moves this Rectangle to the specified location.

This method is included for completeness, to parallel the setLocation method of Component.

Parameters:
x, y - the coordinates of the new location
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.setLocation(int, int)

move

public void move(int x,
                 int y)
Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by setLocation(int, int).


translate

public void translate(int x,
                      int y)
Translates this Rectangle the indicated distance, to the right along the x coordinate axis, and downward along the y coordinate axis.
Parameters:
dx - the distance to move this Rectangle along the x axis
dy - the distance to move this Rectangle along the y axis
See Also:
setLocation(int, int), setLocation(java.awt.Point)

getSize

public Dimension getSize()
Gets the size of this Rectangle, represented by the returned Dimension.

This method is included for completeness, to parallel the getSize method of Component.

Returns:
a Dimension, representing the size of this Rectangle.
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.getSize()

setSize

public void setSize(Dimension d)
Sets the size of this Rectangle to match the specified Dimension.

This method is included for completeness, to parallel the setSize method of Component.

Parameters:
d - the new size for the Dimension object
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.setSize(java.awt.Dimension)

setSize

public void setSize(int width,
                    int height)
Sets the size of this Rectangle to the specified width and height.

This method is included for completeness, to parallel the setSize method of Component.

Parameters:
width - the new width for this Rectangle
height - the new height for this Rectangle
Since:
JDK1.1
See Also:
Component.setSize(int, int)

resize

public void resize(int width,
                   int height)
Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by setSize(int, int).


contains

public boolean contains(Point p)
Checks whether or not this Rectangle contains the specified Point.
Parameters:
p - the Point to test
Returns:
true if the Point (xy) is inside this Rectangle; false otherwise.
Since:
JDK1.1

contains

public boolean contains(int x,
                        int y)
Checks whether or not this Rectangle contains the point at the specified location (xy).
Parameters:
x, y - the specified coordinates
Returns:
true if the point (xy) is inside this Rectangle; false otherwise.
Since:
JDK1.1

contains

public boolean contains(Rectangle r)
Checks whether or not this Rectangle entirely contains the specified Rectangle.
Parameters:
r - the specified Rectangle
Returns:
true if the Rectangle is contained entirely inside this Rectangle; false otherwise.
Since:
JDK1.1

contains

public boolean contains(int X,
                        int Y,
                        int W,
                        int H)
Checks whether this Rectangle entirely contains the Rectangle at the specified location (XY) with the specified dimensions (WH).
Parameters:
x, y - the specified coordinates
W - the width of the Rectangle
H - the height of the Rectangle
Returns:
true if the Rectangle specified by (XYWH) is entirely enclosed inside this Rectangle; false otherwise.
Since:
JDK1.1

inside

public boolean inside(int x,
                      int y)
Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by contains(int, int).


intersects

public boolean intersects(Rectangle r)
Determines whether or not this Rectangle and the specified Rectangle intersect. Two rectangles intersect if their intersection is nonempty.
Parameters:
r - the specified Rectangle
Returns:
true if the specified Rectangle and this Rectangle insersect; false otherwise.

intersection

public Rectangle intersection(Rectangle r)
Computes the intersection of this Rectangle with the specified Rectangle. Returns a new Rectangle that represents the intersection of the two rectangles.
Parameters:
r - the specified Rectangle
Returns:
the largest Rectangle contained in both the specified Rectangle and in thisRectangle.

union

public Rectangle union(Rectangle r)
Computes the union of this Rectangle with the specified Rectangle. Returns a new Rectangle that represents the union of the two rectangles
Parameters:
r - the specified Rectangle
Returns:
the smallest Rectangle containing both the specified Rectangle and this Rectangle.

add

public void add(int newx,
                int newy)
Adds a point, specified by the integer arguments newx and newy, to this Rectangle. The resulting Rectangle is the smallest Rectangle that contains both the original Rectangle and the specified point.

After adding a point, a call to contains with the added point as an argument does not necessarily return true. The contains method does not return true for points on the right or bottom edges of a Rectangle. Therefore, if the added point falls on the right or bottom edge of the enlarged Rectangle, contains returns false for that point.

Parameters:
newx, newy - the coordinates of the new point

add

public void add(Point pt)
Adds the specified Point to this Rectangle. The resulting Rectangle is the smallest Rectangle that contains both the original Rectangle and the specified Point.

After adding a Point, a call to contains with the added Point as an argument does not necessarily return true. The contains method does not return true for points on the right or bottom edges of a Rectangle. Therefore if the added Point falls on the right or bottom edge of the enlarged Rectangle, contains returns false for that Point.

Parameters:
pt - the new Point to add to this Rectangle

add

public void add(Rectangle r)
Adds a Rectangle to this Rectangle. The resulting Rectangle is the union of the two rectangles.
Parameters:
r - the specified Rectangle

grow

public void grow(int h,
                 int v)
Resizes the Rectangle both horizontally and vertically.

This method modifies the Rectangle so that it is h units larger on both the left and right side, and v units larger at both the top and bottom.

The new Rectangle has (x - h, y - v) as its top-left corner, a width of width + 2h, and a height of height + 2v.

If negative values are supplied for h and v, the size of the Rectangle decreases accordingly. The grow method does not check whether the resulting values of width and height are non-negative.

Parameters:
h - the horizontal expansion
v - the vertical expansion

isEmpty

public boolean isEmpty()
Determines whether or not this Rectangle is empty. A Rectangle is empty if its width or its height is less than or equal to zero.
Overrides:
isEmpty in class RectangularShape
Returns:
true if this Rectangle is empty; false otherwise.

outcode

public int outcode(double x,
                   double y)
Determines where the specified coordinates lie with respect to this Rectangle. This method computes a binary OR of the appropriate mask values indicating, for each side of this Rectangle, whether or not the specified coordinates are on the same side of the edge as the rest of this Rectangle.
Overrides:
outcode in class Rectangle2D
Parameters:
x, y - the specified coordinates
Returns:
the logical OR of all appropriate out codes.
Since:
1.2
See Also:
Rectangle2D.OUT_LEFT, Rectangle2D.OUT_TOP, Rectangle2D.OUT_RIGHT, Rectangle2D.OUT_BOTTOM

createIntersection

public Rectangle2D createIntersection(Rectangle2D r)
Returns a new Rectangle2D object representing the intersection of this Rectangle with the specified Rectangle2D.
Overrides:
createIntersection in class Rectangle2D
Parameters:
r - the Rectangle2D to be intersected with this Rectangle
Returns:
the largest Rectangle2D contained in both the specified Rectangle2D and in this Rectangle.
Since:
1.2

createUnion

public Rectangle2D createUnion(Rectangle2D r)
Returns a new Rectangle2D object representing the union of this Rectangle with the specified Rectangle2D.
Overrides:
createUnion in class Rectangle2D
Parameters:
r - the Rectangle2D to be combined with this Rectangle
Returns:
the smallest Rectangle2D containing both the specified Rectangle2D and this Rectangle.
Since:
1.2

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)
Checks whether two rectangles are equal.

The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is a Rectangle object that has the same top-left corner, width, and height as this Rectangle.

Overrides:
equals in class Rectangle2D
Parameters:
obj - the Object to compare with this Rectangle
Returns:
true if the objects are equal; false otherwise.

toString

public String toString()
Returns a String representing this Rectangle and its values.
Overrides:
toString in class Object
Returns:
a String representing this Rectangle object's coordinate and size values.

JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.3.1

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java 2 SDK SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

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