JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.3.1

java.lang
Class InheritableThreadLocal

java.lang.Object
  |
  +--java.lang.ThreadLocal
        |
        +--java.lang.InheritableThreadLocal

public class InheritableThreadLocal
extends ThreadLocal

This class extends ThreadLocal to provide inheritance of values from parent Thread to child Thread: when a child thread is created, the child receives initial values for all InheritableThreadLocals for which the parent has values. Normally the child's values will be identical to the parent's; however, the child's value can be made an arbitrary function of the parent's by overriding the childValue method in this class.

InheritableThreadLocal variables are used in preference to ordinary ThreadLocal variables when the per-thread-attribute being maintained in the variable (e.g., User ID, Transaction ID) must be automatically transmitted to any child threads that are created.

Since:
1.2
See Also:
ThreadLocal

Constructor Summary
InheritableThreadLocal()
          Creates an InheritableThreadLocal variable.
 
Method Summary
protected  Object childValue(Object parentValue)
          Computes the child's initial value for this InheritableThreadLocal as a function of the parent's value at the time the child Thread is created.
 Object get()
          Returns the value in the calling thread's copy of this ThreadLocal variable.
 void set(Object value)
          Sets the calling thread's instance of this ThreadLocal variable to the given value.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.ThreadLocal
initialValue
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

InheritableThreadLocal

public InheritableThreadLocal()
Creates an InheritableThreadLocal variable.
Method Detail

get

public Object get()
Returns the value in the calling thread's copy of this ThreadLocal variable. Creates and initializes the copy if this is the first time the thread has called this method.
Overrides:
get in class ThreadLocal
Following copied from class: java.lang.ThreadLocal
Returns:
the value of this ThreadLocal

set

public void set(Object value)
Sets the calling thread's instance of this ThreadLocal variable to the given value. This is only used to change the value from the one assigned by the initialValue method, and many applications will have no need for this functionality.
Overrides:
set in class ThreadLocal
Parameters:
value - the value to be stored in the calling threads' copy of this ThreadLocal.

childValue

protected Object childValue(Object parentValue)
Computes the child's initial value for this InheritableThreadLocal as a function of the parent's value at the time the child Thread is created. This method is called from within the parent thread before the child is started.

This method merely returns its input argument, and should be overridden if a different behavior is desired.

Parameters:
parentValue - the parent thread's value
Returns:
the child thread's initial value

JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.3.1

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For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java 2 SDK SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

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