JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.3.1

javax.sound.midi
Interface MidiChannel


public interface MidiChannel

A MidiChannel object represents a single MIDI channel. Generally, each MidiChannel method processes a like-named MIDI "channel voice" or "channel mode" message as defined by the MIDI specification. However, MidiChannel adds some "get" methods that retrieve the value most recently set by one of the standard MIDI channel messages. Similarly, methods for per-channel solo and mute have been added.

A Synthesizer object has a collection of MidiChannels, usually one for each of the 16 channels prescribed by the MIDI 1.0 specification. The Synthesizer generates sound when its MidiChannels receive noteOn messages.

See the MIDI 1.0 Specification for more information about the prescribed behavior of the MIDI channel messages, which are not exhaustively documented here. The specification is titled MIDI Reference: The Complete MIDI 1.0 Detailed Specification, and is published by the MIDI Manufacturer's Association ( http://www.midi.org).

MIDI was originally a protocol for reporting the gestures of a keyboard musician. This genesis is visible in the MidiChannel API, which preserves such MIDI concepts as key number, key velocity, and key pressure. It should be understood that the MIDI data does not necessarily originate with a keyboard player (the source could be a different kind of musician, or software). Some devices might generate constant values for velocity and pressure, regardless of how the note was performed. Also, the MIDI specification often leaves it up to the synthesizer to use the data in the way the implementor sees fit. For example, velocity data need not always be mapped to volume and/or brightness.

See Also:
Synthesizer.getChannels()

Method Summary
 void allNotesOff()
          Turns off all notes that are currently sounding on this channel.
 void allSoundOff()
          Immediately turns off all sounding notes on this channel, ignoring the state of the Hold Pedal and the internal decay rate of the current Instrument.
 void controlChange(int controller, int value)
          Reacts to a change in the specified controller's value.
 int getChannelPressure()
          Obtains the channel's keyboard pressure.
 int getController(int controller)
          Obtains the current value of the specified controller.
 boolean getMono()
          Obtains the current mono/poly mode.
 boolean getMute()
          Obtains the current mute state for this channel.
 boolean getOmni()
          Obtains the current omni mode status.
 int getPitchBend()
          Obtains the upward of downward pitch offset for this channel.
 int getPolyPressure(int noteNumber)
          Obtains the pressure with which the specified key is being depressed.
 int getProgram()
          Obtains the current program number for this channel.
 boolean getSolo()
          Obtains the current solo state for this channel.
 boolean localControl(boolean on)
          Turns local control on or off.
 void noteOff(int noteNumber)
          Turns the specified note off.
 void noteOff(int noteNumber, int velocity)
          Turns the specified note off.
 void noteOn(int noteNumber, int velocity)
          Starts the specified note sounding.
 void programChange(int program)
          Changes a program (patch).
 void programChange(int bank, int program)
          Changes the program using bank and program (patch) numbers.
 void resetAllControllers()
          Resets all the implemented controllers to their default values.
 void setChannelPressure(int pressure)
          Reacts to a change in the keyboard pressure.
 void setMono(boolean on)
          Turns mono mode on or off.
 void setMute(boolean mute)
          Sets the mute state for this channel.
 void setOmni(boolean on)
          Turns omni mode on or off.
 void setPitchBend(int bend)
          Changes the pitch offset for all notes on this channel.
 void setPolyPressure(int noteNumber, int pressure)
          Reacts to a change in the specified note's key pressure.
 void setSolo(boolean soloState)
          Sets the solo state for this channel.
 

Method Detail

noteOn

public void noteOn(int noteNumber,
                   int velocity)
Starts the specified note sounding. The key-down velocity usually controls the note's volume and/or brightness. If velocity is zero, this method instead acts like noteOff(int), terminating the note.
Parameters:
noteNumber - the MIDI note number, from 0 to 127 (60 = Middle C)
velocity - the speed with which the key was depressed
See Also:
noteOff(int, int)

noteOff

public void noteOff(int noteNumber,
                    int velocity)
Turns the specified note off. The key-up velocity, if not ignored, can be used to affect how quickly the note decays. In any case, the note might not die away instantaneously; its decay rate is determined by the internals of the Instrument. If the Hold Pedal (a controller; see controlChange) is down, the effect of this method is deferred until the pedal is released.
Parameters:
noteNumber - the MIDI note number, from 0 to 127 (60 = Middle C)
velocity - the speed with which the key was released
See Also:
noteOff(int), noteOn(int, int), allNotesOff(), allSoundOff()

noteOff

public void noteOff(int noteNumber)
Turns the specified note off.
Parameters:
noteNumber - the MIDI note number, from 0 to 127 (60 = Middle C)
See Also:
noteOff(int, int)

setPolyPressure

public void setPolyPressure(int noteNumber,
                            int pressure)
Reacts to a change in the specified note's key pressure. Polyphonic key pressure allows a keyboard player to press multiple keys simultaneously, each with a different amount of pressure. The pressure, if not ignored, is typically used to vary such features as the volume, brightness, or vibrato of the note.
Parameters:
noteNumber - the MIDI note number, from 0 to 127 (60 = Middle C)
pressure - value for the specified key, from 0 to 127 (127 = maximum pressure)
See Also:
getPolyPressure(int)

getPolyPressure

public int getPolyPressure(int noteNumber)
Obtains the pressure with which the specified key is being depressed.
Parameters:
noteNumber - the MIDI note number, from 0 to 127 (60 = Middle C)
Returns:
the amount of pressure for that note, from 0 to 127 (127 = maximum pressure)
See Also:
setPolyPressure(int, int)

setChannelPressure

public void setChannelPressure(int pressure)
Reacts to a change in the keyboard pressure. Channel pressure indicates how hard the keyboard player is depressing the entire keyboard. This can be the maximum or average of the per-key pressure-sensor values, as set by setPolyPressure. More commonly, it is a measurement of a single sensor on a device that doesn't implement polyphonic key pressure. Pressure can be used to control various aspects of the sound, as described under setPolyPressure.
Parameters:
pressure - the pressure with which the keyboard is being depressed, from 0 to 127 (127 = maximum pressure)
See Also:
setPolyPressure(int, int), getChannelPressure()

getChannelPressure

public int getChannelPressure()
Obtains the channel's keyboard pressure.
Returns:
the pressure with which the keyboard is being depressed, from 0 to 127 (127 = maximum pressure)
See Also:
setChannelPressure(int)

controlChange

public void controlChange(int controller,
                          int value)
Reacts to a change in the specified controller's value. A controller is some control other than a keyboard key, such as a switch, slider, pedal, wheel, or breath-pressure sensor. The MIDI 1.0 Specification provides standard numbers for typical controllers on MIDI devices, and describes the intended effect for some of the controllers. The way in which an Instrument reacts to a controller change may be specific to the Instrument.

The MIDI 1.0 Specification defines both 7-bit controllers and 14-bit controllers. Continuous controllers, such as wheels and sliders, typically have 14 bits (two MIDI bytes), while discrete controllers, such as switches, typically have 7 bits (one MIDI byte). Refer to the specification to see the expected resolution for each type of control.

Controllers 64 through 95 (0x40 - 0x5F) allow 7-bit precision. The value of a 7-bit controller is set completely by the value argument. An additional set of controllers provide 14-bit precision by using two controller numbers, one for the most significant 7 bits and another for the least significant 7 bits. Controller numbers 0 through 31 (0x00 - 0x1F) control the most significant 7 bits of 14-bit controllers; controller numbers 32 through 63 (0x20 - 0x3F) control the least significant 7 bits of these controllers. For example, controller number 7 (0x07) controls the upper 7 bits of the channel volume controller, and controller number 39 (0x27) controls the lower 7 bits. The value of a 14-bit controller is determined by the interaction of the two halves. When the most significant 7 bits of a controller are set (using controller numbers 0 through 31), the lower 7 bits are automatically set to 0. The corresponding controller number for the lower 7 bits may then be used to further modulate the controller value.

Parameters:
controller - the controller number (0 to 127; see the MIDI 1.0 Specification for the interpretation)
value - the value to which the specified controller is changed
See Also:
getController(int)

getController

public int getController(int controller)
Obtains the current value of the specified controller. The return value is represented with up to 14 bits; the resolution is dependent on the controller number. For controllers 0-31, the resolution is always 14 bits.
Parameters:
controller - the number of the controller whose value is desired. The allowed range is 0-127; see the MIDI 1.0 Specification for the interpretation.
Returns:
the current value of the specified controller
See Also:
controlChange(int, int)

programChange

public void programChange(int program)
Changes a program (patch). This selects a specific instrument from the currently selected bank of instruments.

The MIDI specification does not dictate whether notes that are already sounding should switch to the new instrument (timbre) or continue with their original timbre until terminated by a note-off.

The program number is zero-based (expressed from 0 to 127). Note that MIDI hardware displays and literature about MIDI typically use the range 1 to 128 instead.

Parameters:
program - the program number to switch to (0 to 127)
See Also:
programChange(int, int), getProgram()

programChange

public void programChange(int bank,
                          int program)
Changes the program using bank and program (patch) numbers.
Parameters:
bank - the bank number to switch to (0 to 127)
program - the program (patch) to use in the specified bank (0 to 127)
See Also:
programChange(int), getProgram()

getProgram

public int getProgram()
Obtains the current program number for this channel.
Returns:
the program number of the currently selected patch
See Also:
Patch.getProgram(), Synthesizer.loadInstrument(javax.sound.midi.Instrument), programChange(int)

setPitchBend

public void setPitchBend(int bend)
Changes the pitch offset for all notes on this channel. This affects all currently sounding notes as well as subsequent ones. (For pitch bend to cease, the value needs to be reset to the center position.)

The MIDI specification stipulates that pitch bend be a 14-bit value, where zero is maximum downward bend, 16383 is maximum upward bend, and 8192 is the center (no pitch bend). The actual amount of pitch change is not specified; it can be changed by a pitch-bend sensitivy setting. However, the General MIDI specification says that the default range should be two semitones up and down from center.

Parameters:
bend - the amount of pitch change, as a nonnegative 14-bit value (8192 = no bend)
See Also:
getPitchBend()

getPitchBend

public int getPitchBend()
Obtains the upward of downward pitch offset for this channel.
Returns:
bend amount, as a nonnegative 14-bit value (8192 = no bend)
See Also:
setPitchBend(int)

resetAllControllers

public void resetAllControllers()
Resets all the implemented controllers to their default values.
See Also:
controlChange(int, int)

allNotesOff

public void allNotesOff()
Turns off all notes that are currently sounding on this channel. The notes might not die away instantaneously; their decay rate is determined by the internals of the Instrument. If the Hold Pedal controller (see controlChange) is down, the effect of this method is deferred until the pedal is released.
See Also:
allSoundOff(), noteOff(int)

allSoundOff

public void allSoundOff()
Immediately turns off all sounding notes on this channel, ignoring the state of the Hold Pedal and the internal decay rate of the current Instrument.
See Also:
allNotesOff()

localControl

public boolean localControl(boolean on)
Turns local control on or off. The default is for local control to be on. The "on" setting means that if a device is capable of both synthesizing sound and transmitting MIDI messages, it will synthesize sound in response to the note-on and note-off messages that it itself transmits. It will also respond to messages received from other transmitting devices. The "off" setting means that the synthesizer will ignore its own transmitted MIDI messages, but not those received from other devices.
Parameters:
on - true to turn local control on, false to turn local control off
Returns:
the new local-control value

setMono

public void setMono(boolean on)
Turns mono mode on or off. In mono mode, the channel synthesizes only one note at a time. In poly mode (identical to mono mode off), the channel can synthesize multiple notes simultaneously. The default is mono off (poly mode on).

"Mono" is short for the word "monophonic," which in this context is opposed to the word "polyphonic" and refers to a single synthesizer voice per MIDI channel. It has nothing to do with how many audio channels there might be (as in "monophonic" versus "stereophonic" recordings).

Parameters:
on - true to turn mono mode on, false to turn it off (which means turning poly mode on).
See Also:
getMono(), VoiceStatus

getMono

public boolean getMono()
Obtains the current mono/poly mode.
Returns:
true if mono mode is on, otherwise false (meaning poly mode is on).
See Also:
setMono(boolean)

setOmni

public void setOmni(boolean on)
Turns omni mode on or off. In omni mode, the channel responds to messages sent on all channels. When omni is off, the channel responds only to messages sent on its channel number. The default is omni off.
Parameters:
on - true to turn omni mode on, false to turn it off.
See Also:
getOmni(), VoiceStatus

getOmni

public boolean getOmni()
Obtains the current omni mode status.
Returns:
true if omni mode is on, otherwise false.
See Also:
setOmni(boolean)

setMute

public void setMute(boolean mute)
Sets the mute state for this channel. A value of true means the channel is to be muted, false means the channel can sound (if other channels are not soloed).

Unlike allSoundOff(), this method applies to only a specific channel, not to all channels. Further, it silences not only currently sounding notes, but also subsequently received notes.

Parameters:
mute - the new mute state
See Also:
getMute(), setSolo(boolean)

getMute

public boolean getMute()
Obtains the current mute state for this channel.
Returns:
true the channel is muted, false if not
See Also:
setMute(boolean)

setSolo

public void setSolo(boolean soloState)
Sets the solo state for this channel. If solo is true only this channel and other soloed channels will sound. If solo is false then only other soloed channels will sound, unless no channels are soloed, in which case all unmuted channels will sound.
Parameters:
soloState - new solo state for the channel
See Also:
getSolo(), setMute(boolean)

getSolo

public boolean getSolo()
Obtains the current solo state for this channel.
Returns:
true if soloed, false if not
See Also:
setSolo(boolean)

JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.3.1

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java 2 SDK SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

Java, Java 2D, and JDBC are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the US and other countries.
Copyright 1993-2001 Sun Microsystems, Inc. 901 San Antonio Road
Palo Alto, California, 94303, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved.



Spec-Zone.ru - all specs in one place



free hit counter