JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.4.2

javax.security.auth.login
Class Configuration

java.lang.Object
  extended byjavax.security.auth.login.Configuration

public abstract class Configuration
extends Object

This is an abstract class for representing the configuration of LoginModules under an application. The Configuration specifies which LoginModules should be used for a particular application, and in what order the LoginModules should be invoked. This abstract class needs to be subclassed to provide an implementation which reads and loads the actual Configuration.

When the LoginContext needs to read the Configuration to determine which LoginModules are configured for a particular application, appName, it makes the following calls:

	config = Configuration.getConfiguration();
	entries = config.getAppConfigurationEntry(appName);
 

A login configuration contains the following information. Note that this example only represents the default syntax for the Configuration. Subclass implementations of this class may implement alternative syntaxes and may retrieve the Configuration from any source such as files, databases, or servers.

      Application {
	      ModuleClass  Flag    ModuleOptions;
	      ModuleClass  Flag    ModuleOptions;
	      ModuleClass  Flag    ModuleOptions;
      };
      Application {
	      ModuleClass  Flag    ModuleOptions;
	      ModuleClass  Flag    ModuleOptions;
      };
      other {
	      ModuleClass  Flag    ModuleOptions;
	      ModuleClass  Flag    ModuleOptions;
      };
 

Each entry in the Configuration is indexed via an application name, Application, and contains a list of LoginModules configured for that application. Each LoginModule is specified via its fully qualified class name. Authentication proceeds down the module list in the exact order specified. If an application does not have specific entry, it defaults to the specific entry for "other".

The Flag value controls the overall behavior as authentication proceeds down the stack. The following represents a description of the valid values for Flag and their respective semantics:

      1) Required     - The LoginModule is required to succeed.
			If it succeeds or fails, authentication still continues
			to proceed down the LoginModule list.

      2) Requisite    - The LoginModule is required to succeed.
			If it succeeds, authentication continues down the
			LoginModule list.  If it fails,
			control immediately returns to the application
			(authentication does not proceed down the
			LoginModule list).

      3) Sufficient   - The LoginModule is not required to
			succeed.  If it does succeed, control immediately
			returns to the application (authentication does not
			proceed down the LoginModule list).
			If it fails, authentication continues down the
			LoginModule list.

      4) Optional     - The LoginModule is not required to
			succeed.  If it succeeds or fails,
			authentication still continues to proceed down the
			LoginModule list.
 

The overall authentication succeeds only if all Required and Requisite LoginModules succeed. If a Sufficient LoginModule is configured and succeeds, then only the Required and Requisite LoginModules prior to that Sufficient LoginModule need to have succeeded for the overall authentication to succeed. If no Required or Requisite LoginModules are configured for an application, then at least one Sufficient or Optional LoginModule must succeed.

ModuleOptions is a space separated list of LoginModule-specific values which are passed directly to the underlying LoginModules. Options are defined by the LoginModule itself, and control the behavior within it. For example, a LoginModule may define options to support debugging/testing capabilities. The correct way to specify options in the Configuration is by using the following key-value pairing: debug="true". The key and value should be separated by an 'equals' symbol, and the value should be surrounded by double quotes. If a String in the form, ${system.property}, occurs in the value, it will be expanded to the value of the system property. Note that there is no limit to the number of options a LoginModule may define.

The following represents an example Configuration entry based on the syntax above:

 Login {
   com.sun.security.auth.module.UnixLoginModule required;
   com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule optional
                   useTicketCache="true"
                   ticketCache="${user.home}${/}tickets";
 };
 

This Configuration specifies that an application named, "Login", requires users to first authenticate to the com.sun.security.auth.module.UnixLoginModule, which is required to succeed. Even if the UnixLoginModule authentication fails, the com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule still gets invoked. This helps hide the source of failure. Since the Krb5LoginModule is Optional, the overall authentication succeeds only if the UnixLoginModule (Required) succeeds.

Also note that the LoginModule-specific options, useTicketCache="true" and ticketCache=${user.home}${/}tickets", are passed to the Krb5LoginModule. These options instruct the Krb5LoginModule to use the ticket cache at the specified location. The system properties, user.home and / (file.separator), are expanded to their respective values.

The default Configuration implementation can be changed by setting the value of the "login.configuration.provider" security property (in the Java security properties file) to the fully qualified name of the desired Configuration implementation class. The Java security properties file is located in the file named <JAVA_HOME>/lib/security/java.security, where <JAVA_HOME> refers to the directory where the JDK was installed.

See Also:
LoginContext

Constructor Summary
protected Configuration()
          Sole constructor.
 
Method Summary
abstract  AppConfigurationEntry[] getAppConfigurationEntry(String applicationName)
          Retrieve an array of AppConfigurationEntries which corresponds to the configuration of LoginModules for this application.
static Configuration getConfiguration()
          Get the current Login Configuration.
abstract  void refresh()
          Refresh and reload the Configuration.
static void setConfiguration(Configuration configuration)
          Set the current Login Configuration.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

Configuration

protected Configuration()
Sole constructor. (For invocation by subclass constructors, typically implicit.)

Method Detail

getConfiguration

public static Configuration getConfiguration()
Get the current Login Configuration.

Returns:
the current Login Configuration.
Throws:
SecurityException - if the caller does not have permission to retrieve the Configuration.
See Also:
setConfiguration(javax.security.auth.login.Configuration)

setConfiguration

public static void setConfiguration(Configuration configuration)
Set the current Login Configuration.

Parameters:
configuration - the new Configuration
Throws:
SecurityException - if the current thread does not have Permission to set the Configuration.
See Also:
getConfiguration()

getAppConfigurationEntry

public abstract AppConfigurationEntry[] getAppConfigurationEntry(String applicationName)
Retrieve an array of AppConfigurationEntries which corresponds to the configuration of LoginModules for this application.

Parameters:
applicationName - the name used to index the Configuration.
Returns:
an array of AppConfigurationEntries which corresponds to the configuration of LoginModules for this application, or null if this application has no configured LoginModules.

refresh

public abstract void refresh()
Refresh and reload the Configuration.

This method causes this object to refresh/reload its current Configuration. This is implementation-dependent. For example, if the Configuration object is stored a file, calling refresh will cause the file to be re-read.

Throws:
SecurityException - if the caller does not have permission to refresh the Configuration.

JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.4.2

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java 2 SDK SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

Copyright 2003 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms. Also see the documentation redistribution policy.


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