JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.4.2

javax.swing
Class TransferHandler

java.lang.Object
  extended byjavax.swing.TransferHandler
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable

public class TransferHandler
extends Object
implements Serializable

This class is used to handle the transfer of a Transferable to and from Swing components. The Transferable is used to represent data that is exchanged via a cut, copy, or paste to/from a clipboard. It is also used in drag-and-drop operations to represent a drag from a component, and a drop to a component. Swing provides functionality that automatically supports cut, copy, and paste keyboard bindings that use the functionality provided by an implementation of this class. Swing also provides functionality that automatically supports drag and drop that uses the functionality provided by an implementation of this class. The Swing developer can concentrate on specifying the semantics of a transfer primarily by setting the transferHandler property on a Swing component.

This class is implemented to provide a default behavior of transferring a component property simply by specifying the name of the property in the constructor. For example, to transfer the foreground color from one component to another either via the clipboard or a drag and drop operation a TransferHandler can be constructed with the string "foreground". The built in support will use the color returned by getForeground as the source of the transfer, and setForeground for the target of a transfer.


Field Summary
static int COPY
          An int representing a "copy" transfer action.
static int COPY_OR_MOVE
          An int representing a source action capability of either "copy" or "move".
static int MOVE
          An int representing a "move" transfer action.
static int NONE
          An int representing no transfer action.
 
Constructor Summary
protected TransferHandler()
          Convenience constructor for subclasses.
  TransferHandler(String property)
          Constructs a transfer handler that can transfer a Java Bean property from one component to another via the clipboard or a drag and drop operation.
 
Method Summary
 boolean canImport(JComponent comp, DataFlavor[] transferFlavors)
          Indicates whether a component would accept an import of the given set of data flavors prior to actually attempting to import it.
protected  Transferable createTransferable(JComponent c)
          Creates a Transferable to use as the source for a data transfer.
 void exportAsDrag(JComponent comp, InputEvent e, int action)
          Causes the Swing drag support to be initiated.
protected  void exportDone(JComponent source, Transferable data, int action)
          Invoked after data has been exported.
 void exportToClipboard(JComponent comp, Clipboard clip, int action)
          Causes a transfer from the given component to the given clipboard.
static Action getCopyAction()
          Returns an Action that behaves like a 'copy' operation.
static Action getCutAction()
          Returns an Action that behaves like a 'cut' operation.
static Action getPasteAction()
          Returns an Action that behaves like a 'paste' operation.
 int getSourceActions(JComponent c)
          Returns the type of transfer actions supported by the source.
 Icon getVisualRepresentation(Transferable t)
          Returns an object that establishes the look of a transfer.
 boolean importData(JComponent comp, Transferable t)
          Causes a transfer to a component from a clipboard or a DND drop operation.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

NONE

public static final int NONE
An int representing no transfer action.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

COPY

public static final int COPY
An int representing a "copy" transfer action. This value is used when data is copied to a clipboard or copied elsewhere in a drag and drop operation.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

MOVE

public static final int MOVE
An int representing a "move" transfer action. This value is used when data is moved to a clipboard (i.e. a cut) or moved elsewhere in a drag and drop operation.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

COPY_OR_MOVE

public static final int COPY_OR_MOVE
An int representing a source action capability of either "copy" or "move".

See Also:
Constant Field Values
Constructor Detail

TransferHandler

public TransferHandler(String property)
Constructs a transfer handler that can transfer a Java Bean property from one component to another via the clipboard or a drag and drop operation.

Parameters:
property - the name of the property to transfer; this can be null if there is no property associated with the transfer handler (a subclass that performs some other kind of transfer, for example)

TransferHandler

protected TransferHandler()
Convenience constructor for subclasses.

Method Detail

getCutAction

public static Action getCutAction()
Returns an Action that behaves like a 'cut' operation. That is, this will invoke exportToClipboard with a MOVE argument on the TransferHandler associated with the JComponent that is the source of the ActionEvent.

Returns:
cut Action

getCopyAction

public static Action getCopyAction()
Returns an Action that behaves like a 'copy' operation. That is, this will invoke exportToClipboard with a COPY argument on the TransferHandler associated with the JComponent that is the source of the ActionEvent.

Returns:
cut Action

getPasteAction

public static Action getPasteAction()
Returns an Action that behaves like a 'paste' operation. That is, this will invoke importData on the TransferHandler associated with the JComponent that is the source of the ActionEvent.

Returns:
cut Action

exportAsDrag

public void exportAsDrag(JComponent comp,
                         InputEvent e,
                         int action)
Causes the Swing drag support to be initiated. This is called by the various UI implementations in the javax.swing.plaf.basic package if the dragEnabled property is set on the component. This can be called by custom UI implementations to use the Swing drag support. This method can also be called by a Swing extension written as a subclass of JComponent to take advantage of the Swing drag support.

The transfer will not necessarily have been completed at the return of this call (i.e. the call does not block waiting for the drop). The transfer will take place through the Swing implementation of the java.awt.dnd mechanism, requiring no further effort from the developer. The exportDone method will be called when the transfer has completed.

Parameters:
comp - the component holding the data to be transferred; this argument is provided to enable sharing of TransferHandlers by multiple components
e - the event that triggered the transfer
action - the transfer action initially requested; this should be a value of either COPY or MOVE; the value may be changed during the course of the drag operation

exportToClipboard

public void exportToClipboard(JComponent comp,
                              Clipboard clip,
                              int action)
Causes a transfer from the given component to the given clipboard. This method is called by the default cut and copy actions registered in a component's action map.

The transfer will have been completed at the return of this call. The transfer will take place using the java.awt.datatransfer mechanism, requiring no further effort from the developer. The exportDone method will be called when the transfer has completed.

Parameters:
comp - the component holding the data to be transferred; this argument is provided to enable sharing of TransferHandlers by multiple components
clip - the clipboard to transfer the data into
action - the transfer action requested; this should be a value of either COPY or MOVE; the operation performed is the intersection of the transfer capabilities given by getSourceActions and the requested action; the intersection may result in an action of NONE if the requested action isn't supported

importData

public boolean importData(JComponent comp,
                          Transferable t)
Causes a transfer to a component from a clipboard or a DND drop operation. The Transferable represents the data to be imported into the component.

Parameters:
comp - the component to receive the transfer; this argument is provided to enable sharing of TransferHandlers by multiple components
t - the data to import
Returns:
true if the data was inserted into the component, false otherwise

canImport

public boolean canImport(JComponent comp,
                         DataFlavor[] transferFlavors)
Indicates whether a component would accept an import of the given set of data flavors prior to actually attempting to import it.

Parameters:
comp - the component to receive the transfer; this argument is provided to enable sharing of TransferHandlers by multiple components
transferFlavors - the data formats available
Returns:
true if the data can be inserted into the component, false otherwise

getSourceActions

public int getSourceActions(JComponent c)
Returns the type of transfer actions supported by the source. Some models are not mutable, so a transfer operation of COPY only should be advertised in that case.

Parameters:
c - the component holding the data to be transferred; this argument is provided to enable sharing of TransferHandlers by multiple components.
Returns:
COPY if the transfer property can be found, otherwise returns NONE; a return value of of NONE disables any transfers out of the component

getVisualRepresentation

public Icon getVisualRepresentation(Transferable t)
Returns an object that establishes the look of a transfer. This is useful for both providing feedback while performing a drag operation and for representing the transfer in a clipboard implementation that has a visual appearance. The implementation of the Icon interface should not alter the graphics clip or alpha level. The icon implementation need not be rectangular or paint all of the bounding rectangle and logic that calls the icons paint method should not assume the all bits are painted. null is a valid return value for this method and indicates there is no visual representation provided. In that case, the calling logic is free to represent the transferable however it wants.

The default Swing logic will not do an alpha blended drag animation if the return is null.

Parameters:
t - the data to be transferred; this value is expected to have been created by the createTransferable method
Returns:
null, indicating there is no default visual representation

createTransferable

protected Transferable createTransferable(JComponent c)
Creates a Transferable to use as the source for a data transfer. Returns the representation of the data to be transferred, or null if the component's property is null

Parameters:
c - the component holding the data to be transferred; this argument is provided to enable sharing of TransferHandlers by multiple components
Returns:
the representation of the data to be transferred, or null if the property associated with c is null

exportDone

protected void exportDone(JComponent source,
                          Transferable data,
                          int action)
Invoked after data has been exported. This method should remove the data that was transferred if the action was MOVE.

This method is implemented to do nothing since MOVE is not a supported action of this implementation (getSourceActions does not include MOVE).

Parameters:
source - the component that was the source of the data
data - The data that was transferred or possibly null if the action is NONE.
action - the actual action that was performed

JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.4.2

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java 2 SDK SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

Copyright 2003 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms. Also see the documentation redistribution policy.


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