JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.4.2

javax.swing.text
Interface Caret

All Known Implementing Classes:
DefaultCaret

public interface Caret

A place within a document view that represents where things can be inserted into the document model. A caret has a position in the document referred to as a dot. The dot is where the caret is currently located in the model. There is a second position maintained by the caret that represents the other end of a selection called mark. If there is no selection the dot and mark will be equal. If a selection exists, the two values will be different.

The dot can be placed by either calling setDot or moveDot. Setting the dot has the effect of removing any selection that may have previously existed. The dot and mark will be equal. Moving the dot has the effect of creating a selection as the mark is left at whatever position it previously had.


Method Summary
 void addChangeListener(ChangeListener l)
          Adds a listener to track whenever the caret position has been changed.
 void deinstall(JTextComponent c)
          Called when the UI is being removed from the interface of a JTextComponent.
 int getBlinkRate()
          Gets the blink rate of the caret.
 int getDot()
          Fetches the current position of the caret.
 Point getMagicCaretPosition()
          Gets the current caret visual location.
 int getMark()
          Fetches the current position of the mark.
 void install(JTextComponent c)
          Called when the UI is being installed into the interface of a JTextComponent.
 boolean isSelectionVisible()
          Determines if the selection is currently visible.
 boolean isVisible()
          Determines if the caret is currently visible.
 void moveDot(int dot)
          Moves the caret position (dot) to some other position, leaving behind the mark.
 void paint(Graphics g)
          Renders the caret.
 void removeChangeListener(ChangeListener l)
          Removes a listener that was tracking caret position changes.
 void setBlinkRate(int rate)
          Sets the blink rate of the caret.
 void setDot(int dot)
          Sets the caret position to some position.
 void setMagicCaretPosition(Point p)
          Set the current caret visual location.
 void setSelectionVisible(boolean v)
          Sets the visibility of the selection
 void setVisible(boolean v)
          Sets the visibility of the caret.
 

Method Detail

install

public void install(JTextComponent c)
Called when the UI is being installed into the interface of a JTextComponent. This can be used to gain access to the model that is being navigated by the implementation of this interface.

Parameters:
c - the JTextComponent

deinstall

public void deinstall(JTextComponent c)
Called when the UI is being removed from the interface of a JTextComponent. This is used to unregister any listeners that were attached.

Parameters:
c - the JTextComponent

paint

public void paint(Graphics g)
Renders the caret.

Parameters:
g - the graphics context

addChangeListener

public void addChangeListener(ChangeListener l)
Adds a listener to track whenever the caret position has been changed.

Parameters:
l - the change listener

removeChangeListener

public void removeChangeListener(ChangeListener l)
Removes a listener that was tracking caret position changes.

Parameters:
l - the change listener

isVisible

public boolean isVisible()
Determines if the caret is currently visible.

Returns:
true if the caret is visible else false

setVisible

public void setVisible(boolean v)
Sets the visibility of the caret.

Parameters:
v - true if the caret should be shown, and false if the caret should be hidden

isSelectionVisible

public boolean isSelectionVisible()
Determines if the selection is currently visible.

Returns:
true if the caret is visible else false

setSelectionVisible

public void setSelectionVisible(boolean v)
Sets the visibility of the selection

Parameters:
v - true if the caret should be shown, and false if the caret should be hidden

setMagicCaretPosition

public void setMagicCaretPosition(Point p)
Set the current caret visual location. This can be used when moving between lines that have uneven end positions (such as when caret up or down actions occur). If text flows left-to-right or right-to-left the x-coordinate will indicate the desired navigation location for vertical movement. If the text flow is top-to-bottom, the y-coordinate will indicate the desired navigation location for horizontal movement.

Parameters:
p - the Point to use for the saved position. This can be null to indicate there is no visual location.

getMagicCaretPosition

public Point getMagicCaretPosition()
Gets the current caret visual location.

Returns:
the visual position.
See Also:
setMagicCaretPosition(java.awt.Point)

setBlinkRate

public void setBlinkRate(int rate)
Sets the blink rate of the caret. This determines if and how fast the caret blinks, commonly used as one way to attract attention to the caret.

Parameters:
rate - the delay in milliseconds >= 0. If this is zero the caret will not blink.

getBlinkRate

public int getBlinkRate()
Gets the blink rate of the caret. This determines if and how fast the caret blinks, commonly used as one way to attract attention to the caret.

Returns:
the delay in milliseconds >= 0. If this is zero the caret will not blink.

getDot

public int getDot()
Fetches the current position of the caret.

Returns:
the position >= 0

getMark

public int getMark()
Fetches the current position of the mark. If there is a selection, the mark will not be the same as the dot.

Returns:
the position >= 0

setDot

public void setDot(int dot)
Sets the caret position to some position. This causes the mark to become the same as the dot, effectively setting the selection range to zero.

Parameters:
dot - the new position to set the caret to >= 0

moveDot

public void moveDot(int dot)
Moves the caret position (dot) to some other position, leaving behind the mark. This is useful for making selections.

Parameters:
dot - the new position to move the caret to >= 0

JavaTM 2 Platform
Std. Ed. v1.4.2

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java 2 SDK SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

Copyright 2003 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms. Also see the documentation redistribution policy.


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