JavaTM 2 Platform
Standard Ed. 5.0

java.util.concurrent
Class DelayQueue<E extends Delayed>

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.util.AbstractCollection<E>
      extended by java.util.AbstractQueue<E>
          extended by java.util.concurrent.DelayQueue<E>
Type Parameters:
E - the type of elements held in this collection
All Implemented Interfaces:
Iterable<E>, Collection<E>, BlockingQueue<E>, Queue<E>

public class DelayQueue<E extends Delayed>
extends AbstractQueue<E>
implements BlockingQueue<E>

An unbounded blocking queue of Delayed elements, in which an element can only be taken when its delay has expired. The head of the queue is that Delayed element whose delay expired furthest in the past. If no delay has expired there is no head and poll will return null. Expiration occurs when an element's getDelay(TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS) method returns a value less than or equal to zero. This queue does not permit null elements.

This class and its iterator implement all of the optional methods of the Collection and Iterator interfaces.

This class is a member of the Java Collections Framework.

Since:
1.5

Constructor Summary
DelayQueue()
          Creates a new DelayQueue that is initially empty.
DelayQueue(Collection<? extends E> c)
          Creates a DelayQueue initially containing the elements of the given collection of Delayed instances.
 
Method Summary
 boolean add(E o)
          Adds the specified element to this queue.
 void clear()
          Atomically removes all of the elements from this delay queue.
 int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c)
          Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them into the given collection.
 int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c, int maxElements)
          Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them into the given collection.
 Iterator<E> iterator()
          Returns an iterator over the elements in this queue.
 boolean offer(E o)
          Inserts the specified element into this delay queue.
 boolean offer(E o, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Inserts the specified element into this delay queue.
 E peek()
          Retrieves, but does not remove, the head of this queue, returning null if this queue has no elements with an unexpired delay.
 E poll()
          Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, or null if this queue has no elements with an unexpired delay.
 E poll(long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if necessary up to the specified wait time if no elements with an unexpired delay are present on this queue.
 void put(E o)
          Adds the specified element to this delay queue.
 int remainingCapacity()
          Always returns Integer.MAX_VALUE because a DelayQueue is not capacity constrained.
 boolean remove(Object o)
          Removes a single instance of the specified element from this queue, if it is present.
 int size()
          Returns the number of elements in this collection.
 E take()
          Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if no elements with an unexpired delay are present on this queue.
 Object[] toArray()
          Returns an array containing all of the elements in this collection.
<T> T[]
toArray(T[] array)
          Returns an array containing all of the elements in this collection; the runtime type of the returned array is that of the specified array.
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.AbstractQueue
addAll, element, remove
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.AbstractCollection
contains, containsAll, isEmpty, removeAll, retainAll, toString
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface java.util.Queue
element, remove
 
Methods inherited from interface java.util.Collection
addAll, contains, containsAll, equals, hashCode, isEmpty, removeAll, retainAll
 

Constructor Detail

DelayQueue

public DelayQueue()
Creates a new DelayQueue that is initially empty.


DelayQueue

public DelayQueue(Collection<? extends E> c)
Creates a DelayQueue initially containing the elements of the given collection of Delayed instances.

Parameters:
c - the collection
Throws:
NullPointerException - if c or any element within it is null
Method Detail

offer

public boolean offer(E o)
Inserts the specified element into this delay queue.

Specified by:
offer in interface BlockingQueue<E extends Delayed>
Specified by:
offer in interface Queue<E extends Delayed>
Parameters:
o - the element to add
Returns:
true
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null.

put

public void put(E o)
Adds the specified element to this delay queue. As the queue is unbounded this method will never block.

Specified by:
put in interface BlockingQueue<E extends Delayed>
Parameters:
o - the element to add
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null.

offer

public boolean offer(E o,
                     long timeout,
                     TimeUnit unit)
Inserts the specified element into this delay queue. As the queue is unbounded this method will never block.

Specified by:
offer in interface BlockingQueue<E extends Delayed>
Parameters:
o - the element to add
timeout - This parameter is ignored as the method never blocks
unit - This parameter is ignored as the method never blocks
Returns:
true
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null.

add

public boolean add(E o)
Adds the specified element to this queue.

Specified by:
add in interface Collection<E extends Delayed>
Specified by:
add in interface BlockingQueue<E extends Delayed>
Overrides:
add in class AbstractQueue<E extends Delayed>
Parameters:
o - the element to add
Returns:
true (as per the general contract of Collection.add).
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null.

take

public E take()
                       throws InterruptedException
Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if no elements with an unexpired delay are present on this queue.

Specified by:
take in interface BlockingQueue<E extends Delayed>
Returns:
the head of this queue
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting.

poll

public E poll(long timeout,
              TimeUnit unit)
                       throws InterruptedException
Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if necessary up to the specified wait time if no elements with an unexpired delay are present on this queue.

Specified by:
poll in interface BlockingQueue<E extends Delayed>
Parameters:
timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns:
the head of this queue, or null if the specified waiting time elapses before an element with an unexpired delay is present.
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting.

poll

public E poll()
Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, or null if this queue has no elements with an unexpired delay.

Specified by:
poll in interface Queue<E extends Delayed>
Returns:
the head of this queue, or null if this queue has no elements with an unexpired delay.

peek

public E peek()
Retrieves, but does not remove, the head of this queue, returning null if this queue has no elements with an unexpired delay.

Specified by:
peek in interface Queue<E extends Delayed>
Returns:
the head of this queue, or null if this queue has no elements with an unexpired delay.

size

public int size()
Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
Returns the number of elements in this collection. If the collection contains more than Integer.MAX_VALUE elements, returns Integer.MAX_VALUE.

Specified by:
size in interface Collection<E extends Delayed>
Specified by:
size in class AbstractCollection<E extends Delayed>
Returns:
the number of elements in this collection.

drainTo

public int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c)
Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them into the given collection. This operation may be more efficient than repeatedly polling this queue. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.

Specified by:
drainTo in interface BlockingQueue<E extends Delayed>
Parameters:
c - the collection to transfer elements into
Returns:
the number of elements transferred.

drainTo

public int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c,
                   int maxElements)
Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them into the given collection. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.

Specified by:
drainTo in interface BlockingQueue<E extends Delayed>
Parameters:
c - the collection to transfer elements into
maxElements - the maximum number of elements to transfer
Returns:
the number of elements transferred.

clear

public void clear()
Atomically removes all of the elements from this delay queue. The queue will be empty after this call returns.

Specified by:
clear in interface Collection<E extends Delayed>
Overrides:
clear in class AbstractQueue<E extends Delayed>

remainingCapacity

public int remainingCapacity()
Always returns Integer.MAX_VALUE because a DelayQueue is not capacity constrained.

Specified by:
remainingCapacity in interface BlockingQueue<E extends Delayed>
Returns:
Integer.MAX_VALUE

toArray

public Object[] toArray()
Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
Returns an array containing all of the elements in this collection. If the collection makes any guarantees as to what order its elements are returned by its iterator, this method must return the elements in the same order. The returned array will be "safe" in that no references to it are maintained by the collection. (In other words, this method must allocate a new array even if the collection is backed by an Array). The caller is thus free to modify the returned array.

This implementation allocates the array to be returned, and iterates over the elements in the collection, storing each object reference in the next consecutive element of the array, starting with element 0.

Specified by:
toArray in interface Collection<E extends Delayed>
Overrides:
toArray in class AbstractCollection<E extends Delayed>
Returns:
an array containing all of the elements in this collection.

toArray

public <T> T[] toArray(T[] array)
Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
Returns an array containing all of the elements in this collection; the runtime type of the returned array is that of the specified array. If the collection fits in the specified array, it is returned therein. Otherwise, a new array is allocated with the runtime type of the specified array and the size of this collection.

If the collection fits in the specified array with room to spare (i.e., the array has more elements than the collection), the element in the array immediately following the end of the collection is set to null. This is useful in determining the length of the collection only if the caller knows that the collection does not contain any null elements.)

If this collection makes any guarantees as to what order its elements are returned by its iterator, this method must return the elements in the same order.

This implementation checks if the array is large enough to contain the collection; if not, it allocates a new array of the correct size and type (using reflection). Then, it iterates over the collection, storing each object reference in the next consecutive element of the array, starting with element 0. If the array is larger than the collection, a null is stored in the first location after the end of the collection.

Specified by:
toArray in interface Collection<E extends Delayed>
Overrides:
toArray in class AbstractCollection<E extends Delayed>
Parameters:
array - the array into which the elements of the collection are to be stored, if it is big enough; otherwise, a new array of the same runtime type is allocated for this purpose.
Returns:
an array containing the elements of the collection.

remove

public boolean remove(Object o)
Removes a single instance of the specified element from this queue, if it is present.

Specified by:
remove in interface Collection<E extends Delayed>
Overrides:
remove in class AbstractCollection<E extends Delayed>
Parameters:
o - element to be removed from this collection, if present.
Returns:
true if the collection contained the specified element.

iterator

public Iterator<E> iterator()
Returns an iterator over the elements in this queue. The iterator does not return the elements in any particular order. The returned iterator is a thread-safe "fast-fail" iterator that will throw ConcurrentModificationException upon detected interference.

Specified by:
iterator in interface Iterable<E extends Delayed>
Specified by:
iterator in interface Collection<E extends Delayed>
Specified by:
iterator in class AbstractCollection<E extends Delayed>
Returns:
an iterator over the elements in this queue.

JavaTM 2 Platform
Standard Ed. 5.0

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java 2 SDK SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

Copyright 2004 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms. Also see the documentation redistribution policy.


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