Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.net
Class SocketImpl

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.net.SocketImpl
All Implemented Interfaces:
SocketOptions

public abstract class SocketImpl
extends Object
implements SocketOptions

The abstract class SocketImpl is a common superclass of all classes that actually implement sockets. It is used to create both client and server sockets.

A "plain" socket implements these methods exactly as described, without attempting to go through a firewall or proxy.

Since:
JDK1.0

Field Summary
protected  InetAddress address
          The IP address of the remote end of this socket.
protected  FileDescriptor fd
          The file descriptor object for this socket.
protected  int localport
          The local port number to which this socket is connected.
protected  int port
          The port number on the remote host to which this socket is connected.
 
Fields inherited from interface java.net.SocketOptions
IP_MULTICAST_IF, IP_MULTICAST_IF2, IP_MULTICAST_LOOP, IP_TOS, SO_BINDADDR, SO_BROADCAST, SO_KEEPALIVE, SO_LINGER, SO_OOBINLINE, SO_RCVBUF, SO_REUSEADDR, SO_SNDBUF, SO_TIMEOUT, TCP_NODELAY
 
Constructor Summary
SocketImpl()
           
 
Method Summary
protected abstract  void accept(SocketImpl s)
          Accepts a connection.
protected abstract  int available()
          Returns the number of bytes that can be read from this socket without blocking.
protected abstract  void bind(InetAddress host, int port)
          Binds this socket to the specified local IP address and port number.
protected abstract  void close()
          Closes this socket.
protected abstract  void connect(InetAddress address, int port)
          Connects this socket to the specified port number on the specified host.
protected abstract  void connect(SocketAddress address, int timeout)
          Connects this socket to the specified port number on the specified host.
protected abstract  void connect(String host, int port)
          Connects this socket to the specified port on the named host.
protected abstract  void create(boolean stream)
          Creates either a stream or a datagram socket.
protected  FileDescriptor getFileDescriptor()
          Returns the value of this socket's fd field.
protected  InetAddress getInetAddress()
          Returns the value of this socket's address field.
protected abstract  InputStream getInputStream()
          Returns an input stream for this socket.
protected  int getLocalPort()
          Returns the value of this socket's localport field.
protected abstract  OutputStream getOutputStream()
          Returns an output stream for this socket.
protected  int getPort()
          Returns the value of this socket's port field.
protected abstract  void listen(int backlog)
          Sets the maximum queue length for incoming connection indications (a request to connect) to the count argument.
protected abstract  void sendUrgentData(int data)
          Send one byte of urgent data on the socket.
protected  void setPerformancePreferences(int connectionTime, int latency, int bandwidth)
          Sets performance preferences for this socket.
protected  void shutdownInput()
          Places the input stream for this socket at "end of stream".
protected  void shutdownOutput()
          Disables the output stream for this socket.
protected  boolean supportsUrgentData()
          Returns whether or not this SocketImpl supports sending urgent data.
 String toString()
          Returns the address and port of this socket as a String.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface java.net.SocketOptions
getOption, setOption
 

Field Detail

fd

protected FileDescriptor fd
The file descriptor object for this socket.


address

protected InetAddress address
The IP address of the remote end of this socket.


port

protected int port
The port number on the remote host to which this socket is connected.


localport

protected int localport
The local port number to which this socket is connected.

Constructor Detail

SocketImpl

public SocketImpl()
Method Detail

create

protected abstract void create(boolean stream)
                        throws IOException
Creates either a stream or a datagram socket.

Parameters:
stream - if true, create a stream socket; otherwise, create a datagram socket.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs while creating the socket.

connect

protected abstract void connect(String host,
                                int port)
                         throws IOException
Connects this socket to the specified port on the named host.

Parameters:
host - the name of the remote host.
port - the port number.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when connecting to the remote host.

connect

protected abstract void connect(InetAddress address,
                                int port)
                         throws IOException
Connects this socket to the specified port number on the specified host.

Parameters:
address - the IP address of the remote host.
port - the port number.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when attempting a connection.

connect

protected abstract void connect(SocketAddress address,
                                int timeout)
                         throws IOException
Connects this socket to the specified port number on the specified host. A timeout of zero is interpreted as an infinite timeout. The connection will then block until established or an error occurs.

Parameters:
address - the Socket address of the remote host.
timeout - the timeout value, in milliseconds, or zero for no timeout.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when attempting a connection.
Since:
1.4

bind

protected abstract void bind(InetAddress host,
                             int port)
                      throws IOException
Binds this socket to the specified local IP address and port number.

Parameters:
host - an IP address that belongs to a local interface.
port - the port number.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when binding this socket.

listen

protected abstract void listen(int backlog)
                        throws IOException
Sets the maximum queue length for incoming connection indications (a request to connect) to the count argument. If a connection indication arrives when the queue is full, the connection is refused.

Parameters:
backlog - the maximum length of the queue.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when creating the queue.

accept

protected abstract void accept(SocketImpl s)
                        throws IOException
Accepts a connection.

Parameters:
s - the accepted connection.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when accepting the connection.

getInputStream

protected abstract InputStream getInputStream()
                                       throws IOException
Returns an input stream for this socket.

Returns:
a stream for reading from this socket.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when creating the input stream.

getOutputStream

protected abstract OutputStream getOutputStream()
                                         throws IOException
Returns an output stream for this socket.

Returns:
an output stream for writing to this socket.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when creating the output stream.

available

protected abstract int available()
                          throws IOException
Returns the number of bytes that can be read from this socket without blocking.

Returns:
the number of bytes that can be read from this socket without blocking.
Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when determining the number of bytes available.

close

protected abstract void close()
                       throws IOException
Closes this socket.

Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when closing this socket.

shutdownInput

protected void shutdownInput()
                      throws IOException
Places the input stream for this socket at "end of stream". Any data sent to this socket is acknowledged and then silently discarded. If you read from a socket input stream after invoking shutdownInput() on the socket, the stream will return EOF.

Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when shutting down this socket.
Since:
1.3
See Also:
Socket.shutdownOutput(), Socket.close(), Socket.setSoLinger(boolean, int)

shutdownOutput

protected void shutdownOutput()
                       throws IOException
Disables the output stream for this socket. For a TCP socket, any previously written data will be sent followed by TCP's normal connection termination sequence. If you write to a socket output stream after invoking shutdownOutput() on the socket, the stream will throw an IOException.

Throws:
IOException - if an I/O error occurs when shutting down this socket.
Since:
1.3
See Also:
Socket.shutdownInput(), Socket.close(), Socket.setSoLinger(boolean, int)

getFileDescriptor

protected FileDescriptor getFileDescriptor()
Returns the value of this socket's fd field.

Returns:
the value of this socket's fd field.
See Also:
fd

getInetAddress

protected InetAddress getInetAddress()
Returns the value of this socket's address field.

Returns:
the value of this socket's address field.
See Also:
address

getPort

protected int getPort()
Returns the value of this socket's port field.

Returns:
the value of this socket's port field.
See Also:
port

supportsUrgentData

protected boolean supportsUrgentData()
Returns whether or not this SocketImpl supports sending urgent data. By default, false is returned unless the method is overridden in a sub-class

Returns:
true if urgent data supported
Since:
1.4
See Also:
address

sendUrgentData

protected abstract void sendUrgentData(int data)
                                throws IOException
Send one byte of urgent data on the socket. The byte to be sent is the low eight bits of the parameter

Parameters:
data - The byte of data to send
Throws:
IOException - if there is an error sending the data.
Since:
1.4

getLocalPort

protected int getLocalPort()
Returns the value of this socket's localport field.

Returns:
the value of this socket's localport field.
See Also:
localport

toString

public String toString()
Returns the address and port of this socket as a String.

Overrides:
toString in class Object
Returns:
a string representation of this socket.

setPerformancePreferences

protected void setPerformancePreferences(int connectionTime,
                                         int latency,
                                         int bandwidth)
Sets performance preferences for this socket.

Sockets use the TCP/IP protocol by default. Some implementations may offer alternative protocols which have different performance characteristics than TCP/IP. This method allows the application to express its own preferences as to how these tradeoffs should be made when the implementation chooses from the available protocols.

Performance preferences are described by three integers whose values indicate the relative importance of short connection time, low latency, and high bandwidth. The absolute values of the integers are irrelevant; in order to choose a protocol the values are simply compared, with larger values indicating stronger preferences. Negative values represent a lower priority than positive values. If the application prefers short connection time over both low latency and high bandwidth, for example, then it could invoke this method with the values (1, 0, 0). If the application prefers high bandwidth above low latency, and low latency above short connection time, then it could invoke this method with the values (0, 1, 2). By default, this method does nothing, unless it is overridden in a a sub-class.

Parameters:
connectionTime - An int expressing the relative importance of a short connection time
latency - An int expressing the relative importance of low latency
bandwidth - An int expressing the relative importance of high bandwidth
Since:
1.5

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

Copyright 2008 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms. Also see the documentation redistribution policy.


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