Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

java.nio.channels.spi
Class SelectorProvider

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.nio.channels.spi.SelectorProvider

public abstract class SelectorProvider
extends Object

Service-provider class for selectors and selectable channels.

A selector provider is a concrete subclass of this class that has a zero-argument constructor and implements the abstract methods specified below. A given invocation of the Java virtual machine maintains a single system-wide default provider instance, which is returned by the provider method. The first invocation of that method will locate the default provider as specified below.

The system-wide default provider is used by the static open methods of the DatagramChannel, Pipe, Selector, ServerSocketChannel, and SocketChannel classes. It is also used by the System.inheritedChannel() method. A program may make use of a provider other than the default provider by instantiating that provider and then directly invoking the open methods defined in this class.

All of the methods in this class are safe for use by multiple concurrent threads.

Since:
1.4

Constructor Summary
protected SelectorProvider()
          Initializes a new instance of this class.
 
Method Summary
 Channel inheritedChannel()
          Returns the channel inherited from the entity that created this Java virtual machine.
abstract  DatagramChannel openDatagramChannel()
          Opens a datagram channel.
abstract  Pipe openPipe()
          Opens a pipe.
abstract  AbstractSelector openSelector()
          Opens a selector.
abstract  ServerSocketChannel openServerSocketChannel()
          Opens a server-socket channel.
abstract  SocketChannel openSocketChannel()
          Opens a socket channel.
static SelectorProvider provider()
          Returns the system-wide default selector provider for this invocation of the Java virtual machine.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

SelectorProvider

protected SelectorProvider()
Initializes a new instance of this class.

Throws:
SecurityException - If a security manager has been installed and it denies RuntimePermission("selectorProvider")
Method Detail

provider

public static SelectorProvider provider()
Returns the system-wide default selector provider for this invocation of the Java virtual machine.

The first invocation of this method locates the default provider object as follows:

  1. If the system property java.nio.channels.spi.SelectorProvider is defined then it is taken to be the fully-qualified name of a concrete provider class. The class is loaded and instantiated; if this process fails then an unspecified error is thrown.

  2. If a provider class has been installed in a jar file that is visible to the system class loader, and that jar file contains a provider-configuration file named java.nio.channels.spi.SelectorProvider in the resource directory META-INF/services, then the first class name specified in that file is taken. The class is loaded and instantiated; if this process fails then an unspecified error is thrown.

  3. Finally, if no provider has been specified by any of the above means then the system-default provider class is instantiated and the result is returned.

Subsequent invocations of this method return the provider that was returned by the first invocation.

Returns:
The system-wide default selector provider

openDatagramChannel

public abstract DatagramChannel openDatagramChannel()
                                             throws IOException
Opens a datagram channel.

Returns:
The new channel
Throws:
IOException

openPipe

public abstract Pipe openPipe()
                       throws IOException
Opens a pipe.

Returns:
The new pipe
Throws:
IOException

openSelector

public abstract AbstractSelector openSelector()
                                       throws IOException
Opens a selector.

Returns:
The new selector
Throws:
IOException

openServerSocketChannel

public abstract ServerSocketChannel openServerSocketChannel()
                                                     throws IOException
Opens a server-socket channel.

Returns:
The new channel
Throws:
IOException

openSocketChannel

public abstract SocketChannel openSocketChannel()
                                         throws IOException
Opens a socket channel.

Returns:
The new channel
Throws:
IOException

inheritedChannel

public Channel inheritedChannel()
                         throws IOException
Returns the channel inherited from the entity that created this Java virtual machine.

On many operating systems a process, such as a Java virtual machine, can be started in a manner that allows the process to inherit a channel from the entity that created the process. The manner in which this is done is system dependent, as are the possible entities to which the channel may be connected. For example, on UNIX systems, the Internet services daemon (inetd) is used to start programs to service requests when a request arrives on an associated network port. In this example, the process that is started, inherits a channel representing a network socket.

In cases where the inherited channel represents a network socket then the Channel type returned by this method is determined as follows:

In addition to the network-oriented channels described, this method may return other kinds of channels in the future.

The first invocation of this method creates the channel that is returned. Subsequent invocations of this method return the same channel.

Returns:
The inherited channel, if any, otherwise null.
Throws:
IOException - If an I/O error occurs
SecurityException - If a security manager has been installed and it denies RuntimePermission("inheritedChannel")
Since:
1.5

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

Copyright 2008 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms. Also see the documentation redistribution policy.


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