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Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 7

DRAFT ea-b118

Package java.nio.file

Defines interfaces and classes for the Java virtual machine to access files, file attributes, and file systems.

See:
          Description

Interface Summary
Interface Description
CopyOption An object that configures how to copy or move a file.
DirectoryStream<T> An object to iterate over the entries in a directory.
DirectoryStream.Filter<T> An interface that is implemented by objects that decide if a directory entry should be accepted or filtered.
FileRef A reference to a file.
FileVisitor<T> A visitor of files.
OpenOption An object that configures how to open or create a file.
PathMatcher An interface that is implemented by objects that perform match operations on paths.
Watchable An object that may be registered with a watch service so that it can be watched for changes and events.
WatchEvent.Kind<T> An event kind, for the purposes of identification.
WatchEvent.Modifier An event modifier that qualifies how a Watchable is registered with a WatchService.
 

Class Summary
Class Description
Files This class consists exclusively of static methods that operate on files or directories.
FileStore Storage for files.
FileSystem Provides an interface to a file system and is the factory for objects to access files and other objects in the file system.
FileSystems Factory methods for file systems.
LinkPermission The Permission class for link creation operations.
Path A file reference that locates a file using a system dependent path.
Paths This class consists exclusively of static methods that return a Path by converting a path string or URI.
SecureDirectoryStream<T> A DirectoryStream that defines operations on files that are located relative to an open directory.
SimpleFileVisitor<T> A simple visitor of files with default behavior to visit all files and to re-throw I/O errors.
StandardWatchEventKind Defines the standard event kinds.
WatchEvent<T> An event or a repeated event for an object that is registered with a WatchService.
WatchKey A token representing the registration of a watchable object with a WatchService.
WatchService A watch service that watches registered objects for changes and events.
 

Enum Summary
Enum Description
AccessMode Defines access modes used to test the accessibility of a file.
FileVisitOption Defines the file tree traversal options.
FileVisitResult The result type of a FileVisitor.
LinkOption Defines the options as to how symbolic links are handled.
StandardCopyOption Defines the standard copy options.
StandardOpenOption Defines the standard open options.
 

Exception Summary
Exception Description
AccessDeniedException Checked exception thrown when a file system operation is denied, typically due to a file permission or other access check.
AtomicMoveNotSupportedException Checked exception thrown when a file cannot be moved as an atomic file system operation.
ClosedDirectoryStreamException Unchecked exception thrown when an attempt is made to invoke an operation on a directory stream that is closed.
ClosedFileSystemException Unchecked exception thrown when an attempt is made to invoke an operation on a file and the file system is closed.
ClosedWatchServiceException Unchecked exception thrown when an attempt is made to invoke an operation on a watch service that is closed.
DirectoryIteratorException Runtime exception thrown if an I/O error is encountered when iterating over the entries in a directory.
DirectoryNotEmptyException Checked exception thrown when a file system operation fails because a directory is not empty.
FileAlreadyExistsException Checked exception thrown when an attempt is made to create a file or directory and a file of that name already exists.
FileSystemAlreadyExistsException Runtime exception thrown when an attempt is made to create a file system that already exists.
FileSystemException Thrown when a file system operation fails on one or two files.
FileSystemLoopException Checked exception thrown when a file system loop, or cycle, is encountered.
FileSystemNotFoundException Runtime exception thrown when a file system cannot be found.
InvalidPathException Unchecked exception thrown when path string cannot be converted into a Path because the path string contains invalid characters, or the path string is invalid for other file system specific reasons.
NoSuchFileException Checked exception thrown when an attempt is made to access a file that does not exist.
NotDirectoryException Checked exception thrown when a file system operation, intended for a directory, fails because the file is not a directory.
NotLinkException Checked exception thrown when a file system operation fails because a file is not a symbolic link.
ProviderMismatchException Unchecked exception thrown when an attempt is made to invoke a method on an object created by one file system provider with a parameter created by a different file system provider.
ProviderNotFoundException Runtime exception thrown when a provider of the required type cannot be found.
ReadOnlyFileSystemException Unchecked exception thrown when an attempt is made to update an object associated with a read-only FileSystem.
 

Package java.nio.file Description

Defines interfaces and classes for the Java virtual machine to access files, file attributes, and file systems.

The java.nio.file package defines classes to access files and file systems. The API to access file and file system attributes is defined in the java.nio.file.attribute package. The java.nio.file.spi package is used by service provider implementors wishing to extend the platform default provider, or to construct other provider implementations.

Symbolic Links

Many operating systems and file systems support for symbolic links. A symbolic link is a special file that serves as a reference to another file. For the most part, symbolic links are transparent to applications and operations on symbolic links are automatically redirected to the target of the link. Exceptions to this are when a symbolic link is deleted or renamed/moved in which case the link is deleted or removed rather than the target of the link. This package includes support for symbolic links where implementations provide these semantics. File systems may support other types that are semantically close but support for these other types of links is not included in this package.

Interoperability

The File class defines the toPath method to construct a Path by converting the abstract path represented by the java.io.File object. The resulting Path can be used to operate on the same file as the File object. The Path specification provides further information on the interoperability between Path and java.io.File objects.

Visibility

The view of the files and file system provided by classes in this package are guaranteed to be consistent with other views provided by other instances in the same Java virtual machine. The view may or may not, however, be consistent with the view of the file system as seen by other concurrently running programs due to caching performed by the underlying operating system and delays induced by network-filesystem protocols. This is true regardless of the language in which these other programs are written, and whether they are running on the same machine or on some other machine. The exact nature of any such inconsistencies are system-dependent and are therefore unspecified.

Synchronized I/O File Integrity

The SYNC and DSYNC options are used when opening a file to require that updates to the file are written synchronously to the underlying storage device. In the case of the default provider, and the file resides on a local storage device, and the seekable channel is connected to a file that was opened with one of these options, then an invocation of the write method is only guaranteed to return when all changes made to the file by that invocation have been written to the device. These options are useful for ensuring that critical information is not lost in the event of a system crash. If the file does not reside on a local device then no such guarantee is made. Whether this guarantee is possible with other provider implementations is provider specific.

General Exceptions

Unless otherwise noted, passing a null argument to a constructor or method of any class or interface in this package will cause a NullPointerException to be thrown. Additionally, invoking a method with a collection containing a null element will cause a NullPointerException, unless otherwise specified.

Unless otherwise noted, methods that attempt to access the file system will throw ClosedFileSystemException when invoked on objects associated with a FileSystem that has been closed. Additionally, any methods that attempt write access to a file system will throw ReadOnlyFileSystemException when invoked on an object associated with a FileSystem that only provides read-only access.

Unless otherwise noted, invoking a method of any class or interface in this package created by one provider with a parameter that is an object created by another provider, will throw ProviderMismatchException.

Optional Specific Exceptions

Most of the methods defined by classes in this package that access the file system specify that IOException be thrown when an I/O error occurs. In some cases, these methods define specific I/O exceptions for common cases. These exceptions, noted as optional specific exceptions, are thrown by the implementation where it can detect the specific error. Where the specific error cannot be detected then the more general IOException is thrown.

Since:
1.7

Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 7

DRAFT ea-b118

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For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java SE Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

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DRAFT ea-b118

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