Trail: Deployment
Lesson: Packaging Programs in JAR Files
Section: Using JAR Files: The Basics
Viewing the Contents of a JAR File
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Viewing the Contents of a JAR File

The basic format of the command for viewing the contents of a JAR file is:

jar tf jar-file

Let's look at the options and argument used in this command:

The t and f options can appear in either order, but there must not be any space between them.

This command will display the JAR file's table of contents to stdout.

You can optionally add the verbose option, v, to produce additional information about file sizes and last-modified dates in the output.

An Example

Let's use the Jar tool to list the contents of the TicTacToe.jar file we created in the previous section:

jar tf TicTacToe.jar

This command displays the contents of the JAR file to stdout:

META-INF/MANIFEST.MF
TicTacToe.class
audio/
audio/beep.au
audio/ding.au
audio/return.au
audio/yahoo1.au
audio/yahoo2.au
images/
images/cross.gif
images/not.gif

The JAR file contains the TicTacToe class file and the audio and images directory, as expected. The output also shows that JAR file contains a default manifest file, META-INF/MANIFEST.MF, which was automatically placed in the archive by the JAR tool. For more information, see the Understanding the Default Manifest section.

All pathnames are displayed with forward slashes, regardless of the platform or operating system you're using. Paths in JAR files are always relative; you'll never see a path beginning with C:, for example.

The JAR tool will display additional information if you use the v option:

jar tvf TicTacToe.jar

For example, the verbose output for the TicTacToe JAR file would look similar to this:

 256 Mon Apr 18 10:50:28 PDT 2005 META-INF/MANIFEST.MF
3885 Mon Apr 18 10:49:50 PDT 2005 TicTacToe.class
   0 Wed Apr 20 16:39:32 PDT 2005 audio/
4032 Wed Apr 20 16:39:32 PDT 2005 audio/beep.au
2566 Wed Apr 20 16:39:32 PDT 2005 audio/ding.au
6558 Wed Apr 20 16:39:32 PDT 2005 audio/return.au
7834 Wed Apr 20 16:39:32 PDT 2005 audio/yahoo1.au
7463 Wed Apr 20 16:39:32 PDT 2005 audio/yahoo2.au
   0 Wed Apr 20 16:39:44 PDT 2005 images/
 157 Wed Apr 20 16:39:44 PDT 2005 images/cross.gif
 158 Wed Apr 20 16:39:44 PDT 2005 images/not.gif

Problems with the examples? Try Compiling and Running the Examples: FAQs.
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