12.9.4. Full-Text Stopwords

The stopword list is loaded and searched for full-text queries using the server character set and collation (the values of the character_set_server and collation_server system variables). False hits or misses might occur for stopword lookups if the stopword file or columns used for full-text indexing or searches have a character set or collation different from character_set_server or collation_server.

Case sensitivity of stopword lookups depends on the server collation. For example, lookups are case insensitive if the collation is latin1_swedish_ci, whereas lookups are case sensitive if the collation is latin1_general_cs or latin1_bin.

Stopwords for InnoDB Search Indexes

InnoDB has a relatively short list of default stopwords, because documents from technical, literary, and so on sources often use short words as keywords or in significant phrases. For example, you might search for "to be or not to be" and expect to get a sensible result, rather than having all those words ignored.

To see the list, query the table information_schema.innodb_ft_default_stopword. To define your own stopword list used for all InnoDB tables, define a table with the same structure as innodb_ft_default_stopword, fill it with the desired stopwords, and set the value of the innodb_ft_server_stopword_table option to a value of the form db_name/table_name before creating the search index. To create special stopword lists on a table-by-table basis, define other tables to hold these lists and specify the appropriate one in the innodb_ft_user_stopword_table option before creating the search index.

Stopwords for MyISAM Search Indexes

In MySQL 5.7, the stopword file is loaded and searched using latin1 if character_set_server is ucs2, utf16, utf16le, or utf32. If any table was created with FULLTEXT indexes while the server character set was ucs2, utf16, utf16le, or utf32, it should be repaired using this statement:


The following table shows the default list of stopwords for MyISAM search indexes. In a MySQL source distribution, you can find this list in the storage/myisam/ft_static.c file.

a's able about above according
accordingly across actually after afterwards
again against ain't all allow
allows almost alone along already
also although always am among
amongst an and another any
anybody anyhow anyone anything anyway
anyways anywhere apart appear appreciate
appropriate are aren't around as
aside ask asking associated at
available away awfully be became
because become becomes becoming been
before beforehand behind being believe
below beside besides best better
between beyond both brief but
by c'mon c's came can
can't cannot cant cause causes
certain certainly changes clearly co
com come comes concerning consequently
consider considering contain containing contains
corresponding could couldn't course currently
definitely described despite did didn't
different do does doesn't doing
don't done down downwards during
each edu eg eight either
else elsewhere enough entirely especially
et etc even ever every
everybody everyone everything everywhere ex
exactly example except far few
fifth first five followed following
follows for former formerly forth
four from further furthermore get
gets getting given gives go
goes going gone got gotten
greetings had hadn't happens hardly
has hasn't have haven't having
he he's hello help hence
her here here's hereafter hereby
herein hereupon hers herself hi
him himself his hither hopefully
how howbeit however i'd i'll
i'm i've ie if ignored
immediate in inasmuch inc indeed
indicate indicated indicates inner insofar
instead into inward is isn't
it it'd it'll it's its
itself just keep keeps kept
know known knows last lately
later latter latterly least less
lest let let's like liked
likely little look looking looks
ltd mainly many may maybe
me mean meanwhile merely might
more moreover most mostly much
must my myself name namely
nd near nearly necessary need
needs neither never nevertheless new
next nine no nobody non
none noone nor normally not
nothing novel now nowhere obviously
of off often oh ok
okay old on once one
ones only onto or other
others otherwise ought our ours
ourselves out outside over overall
own particular particularly per perhaps
placed please plus possible presumably
probably provides que quite qv
rather rd re really reasonably
regarding regardless regards relatively respectively
right said same saw say
saying says second secondly see
seeing seem seemed seeming seems
seen self selves sensible sent
serious seriously seven several shall
she should shouldn't since six
so some somebody somehow someone
something sometime sometimes somewhat somewhere
soon sorry specified specify specifying
still sub such sup sure
t's take taken tell tends
th than thank thanks thanx
that that's thats the their
theirs them themselves then thence
there there's thereafter thereby therefore
therein theres thereupon these they
they'd they'll they're they've think
third this thorough thoroughly those
though three through throughout thru
thus to together too took
toward towards tried tries truly
try trying twice two un
under unfortunately unless unlikely until
unto up upon us use
used useful uses using usually
value various very via viz
vs want wants was wasn't
way we we'd we'll we're
we've welcome well went were
weren't what what's whatever when
whence whenever where where's whereafter
whereas whereby wherein whereupon wherever
whether which while whither who
who's whoever whole whom whose
why will willing wish with
within without won't wonder would
wouldn't yes yet you you'd
you'll you're you've your yours
yourself yourselves zero

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