As a general rule, to upgrade from one release series to another, go to the next series rather than skipping a series. To upgrade from a release series previous to MySQL 5.6, upgrade to each successive release series in turn until you have reached MySQL 5.6, and then proceed with the upgrade to MySQL 5.7. For example, if you currently are running MySQL 5.1 and wish to upgrade to a newer series, upgrade to MySQL 5.5 first before upgrading to 5.6, and so forth. For information on upgrading to MySQL 5.6, see the MySQL 5.6 Reference Manual.
To upgrade to MySQL 5.7, use the items in the following checklist as a guide:
Before any upgrade, back up your databases, including the
database that contains the grant tables. See Section 7.2,
"Database Backup Methods".
Read all the notes in Section 22.214.171.124, "Upgrading from MySQL 5.6 to 5.7". These notes enable you to identify upgrade issues that apply to your current MySQL installation. Some incompatibilities discussed in that section require your attention before upgrading. Others require some action after upgrading.
After upgrading to a new version of MySQL, run mysql_upgrade (see Section 4.4.7, "mysql_upgrade — Check and Upgrade MySQL Tables"). This program checks your tables, and attempts to repair them if necessary. It also updates your grant tables to make sure that they have the current structure so that you can take advantage of any new capabilities. (Some releases of MySQL introduce changes to the structure of the grant tables to add new privileges or features.)
should not be used when the server is running with
--gtid-mode=ON, since it may make changes in nontransactional
system tables in the
mysql database, many of which are
MyISAM and cannot be changed to use a different storage engine.
See GTID mode and mysql_upgrade.
If you run MySQL Server on Windows, see Section 2.3.7, "Upgrading MySQL on Windows".
If you use replication, see Section 16.4.3, "Upgrading a Replication Setup", for information on upgrading your replication setup.
If you upgrade an installation originally produced by installing multiple RPM packages, it is best to upgrade all the packages, not just some. For example, if you previously installed the server and client RPMs, do not upgrade just the server RPM.
If you have created a user-defined function (UDF) with a given name and upgrade
MySQL to a version that implements a new built-in function with the same name, the UDF becomes
inaccessible. To correct this, use
FUNCTION to drop the UDF, and then use
CREATE FUNCTION to re-create the UDF with a different nonconflicting
name. The same is true if the new version of MySQL implements a built-in function with the same name as
an existing stored function. See Section 9.2.4,
"Function Name Parsing and Resolution", for the rules describing how the server interprets
references to different kinds of functions.
For upgrades between versions of a MySQL release series that has reached General Availability status, you can move the MySQL format files and data files between different versions on systems with the same architecture. For upgrades to a version of a MySQL release series that is in development status, that is not necessarily true. Use of development releases is at your own risk.
If you are cautious about using new versions, you can always rename your old mysqld before installing a newer one. For example, if you are using a version of MySQL 5.6 and want to upgrade to 5.7, rename your current server from mysqld to mysqld-5.6. If your new mysqld then does something unexpected, you can simply shut it down and restart with your old mysqld.
If problems occur, such as that the new mysqld server does not start or that you cannot connect without
a password, verify that you do not have an old
my.cnf file from your previous
installation. You can check this with the
--print-defaults option (for example, mysqld --print-defaults). If this command displays anything
other than the program name, you have an active
my.cnf file that affects server or
If, after an upgrade, you experience problems with compiled client programs, such as
out of sync or unexpected core dumps, you probably have used old header or library files when compiling
your programs. In this case, check the date for your
mysql.h file and
libmysqlclient.a library to verify that they are from the new MySQL
distribution. If not, recompile your programs with the new headers and libraries. Recompilation might also be
necessary for programs compiled against the shared client library if the library major version number has
changed (for example from
If your MySQL installation contains a large amount of data that might take a long time to convert after an
in-place upgrade, you might find it useful to create a "dummy" database instance for assessing what conversions might be needed and
the work involved to perform them. Make a copy of your MySQL instance that contains a full copy of the
mysql database, plus all other databases without data. Run your upgrade procedure
on this dummy instance to see what actions might be needed so that you can better evaluate the work involved
when performing actual data conversion on your original database instance.
It is a good idea to rebuild and reinstall the Perl
DBD::mysql module whenever you
install a new release of MySQL. The same applies to other MySQL interfaces as well, such as PHP
mysql extensions and the Python