The best way to improve the performance of
operations is to create indexes on one or more of the columns that are tested in the query. The index entries
act like pointers to the table rows, allowing the query to quickly determine which rows match a condition in the
WHERE clause, and retrieve the other column values for those rows. All MySQL data
types can be indexed.
Although it can be tempting to create an indexes for every possible column used in a query, unnecessary indexes waste space and waste time for MySQL to determine which indexes to use. You must find the right balance to achieve fast queries using the optimal set of indexes.