Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

javax.xml.bind.annotation
Annotation Type XmlIDREF


@Retention(value=RUNTIME)
@Target(value={FIELD,METHOD})
public @interface XmlIDREF

Maps a JavaBean property to XML IDREF.

To preserve referential integrity of an object graph across XML serialization followed by a XML deserialization, requires an object reference to be marshalled by reference or containment appropriately. Annotations @XmlID and @XmlIDREF together allow a customized mapping of a JavaBean property's type by containment or reference.

Usage

The @XmlIDREF annotation can be used with the following program elements:

See "Package Specification" in javax.xml.bind.package javadoc for additional common information.

The usage is subject to the following constraints:

Example: Map a JavaBean property to xs:IDREF (i.e. by reference rather than by containment)


   //EXAMPLE: Code fragment
   public class Shipping {
       @XmlIDREF public Customer getCustomer();
       public void setCustomer(Customer customer);
       ....
    }

   <!-- Example: XML Schema fragment -->
   <xs:complexType name="Shipping">
     <xs:complexContent>
       <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="customer" type="xs:IDREF"/>
         ....
       </xs:sequence>
     </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

 

Example 2: The following is a complete example of containment versus reference.

    // By default, Customer maps to complex type xs:Customer
    public class Customer {
        
        // map JavaBean property type to xs:ID
        @XmlID public String getCustomerID();
        public void setCustomerID(String id);

        // .... other properties not shown 
    }


   // By default, Invoice maps to a complex type xs:Invoice 
   public class Invoice {
    
       // map by reference
       @XmlIDREF public Customer getCustomer();       
       public void setCustomer(Customer customer);

      // .... other properties not shown here
   }

   // By default, Shipping maps to complex type xs:Shipping
   public class Shipping {

       // map by reference
       @XmlIDREF public Customer getCustomer();       
       public void setCustomer(Customer customer);
   }

   // at least one class must reference Customer by containment;
   // Customer instances won't be marshalled.
   @XmlElement(name="CustomerData")
   public class CustomerData {
       // map reference to Customer by containment by default.
       public Customer getCustomer();

       // maps reference to Shipping by containment by default. 
       public Shipping getShipping();     

       // maps reference to Invoice by containment by default. 
       public Invoice getInvoice();     
   }

   <!-- XML Schema mapping for above code frament -->

   <xs:complexType name="Invoice">
     <xs:complexContent>
       <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="customer" type="xs:IDREF"/>
         ....
       </xs:sequence>
     </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   <xs:complexType name="Shipping">
     <xs:complexContent>
       <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="customer" type="xs:IDREF"/>
         ....
       </xs:sequence>
     </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   <xs:complexType name="Customer">
     <xs:complexContent>
       <xs:sequence>
         ....
       </xs:sequence>
       <xs:attribute name="CustomerID" type="xs:ID"/>
     </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   <xs:complexType name="CustomerData">
     <xs:complexContent>
       <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="customer" type="xs:Customer"/>
         <xs:element name="shipping" type="xs:Shipping"/>
         <xs:element name="invoice"  type="xs:Invoice"/>
       </xs:sequence>
     </xs:complexContent>
   </xs:complexType>

   <xs:element name"customerData" type="xs:CustomerData"/>

   <!-- Instance document conforming to the above XML Schema -->
    <customerData>
       <customer customerID="Alice">
           ....
       </customer>

       <shipping customer="Alice">
           ....
       </shipping>
         
       <invoice customer="Alice">
           ....
       </invoice>
   </customerData>

 

Example 3: Mapping List to repeating element of type IDREF

     // Code fragment
     public class Shipping {
         @XmlIDREF
         @XmlElement(name="Alice")
             public List customers;
     }

     <!-- XML schema fragment -->
     <xs:complexType name="Shipping">
       <xs:sequence>
         <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
           <xs:element name="Alice" type="xs:IDREF"/>
         </xs:choice>
       </xs:sequence>
     </xs:complexType> 
 

Example 4: Mapping a List to a list of elements of type IDREF.

     //Code fragment
     public class Shipping {
         @XmlIDREF
         @XmlElements(
             @XmlElement(name="Alice", type="Customer.class")
              @XmlElement(name="John", type="InternationalCustomer.class")
         public List customers;
     }

     <!-- XML Schema fragment -->
     <xs:complexType name="Shipping">
       <xs:sequence>
         <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
           <xs:element name="Alice" type="xs:IDREF"/>
           <xs:element name="John" type="xs:IDREF"/>
         </xs:choice>
       </xs:sequence>
     </xs:complexType> 
 

Since:
JAXB2.0
See Also:
XmlID


Java™ Platform
Standard Ed. 6

Submit a bug or feature
For further API reference and developer documentation, see Java SE Developer Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

Copyright 2008 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms. Also see the documentation redistribution policy.


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