javax.persistence.criteria
Interface CriteriaQuery<T>

Type Parameters:
T - the type of the defined result
All Superinterfaces:
AbstractQuery<T>

public interface CriteriaQuery<T>
extends AbstractQuery<T>

The CriteriaQuery interface defines functionality that is specific to top-level queries.

Since:
Java Persistence 2.0

Method Summary
 CriteriaQuery<T> distinct(boolean distinct)
          Specify whether duplicate query results will be eliminated.
 java.util.List<Order> getOrderList()
          Return the ordering expressions in order of precedence.
 java.util.Set<ParameterExpression<?>> getParameters()
          Return the parameters of the query.
 CriteriaQuery<T> groupBy(Expression<?>... grouping)
          Specify the expressions that are used to form groups over the query results.
 CriteriaQuery<T> groupBy(java.util.List<Expression<?>> grouping)
          Specify the expressions that are used to form groups over the query results.
 CriteriaQuery<T> having(Expression<java.lang.Boolean> restriction)
          Specify a restriction over the groups of the query.
 CriteriaQuery<T> having(Predicate... restrictions)
          Specify restrictions over the groups of the query according the conjunction of the specified restriction predicates.
 CriteriaQuery<T> multiselect(java.util.List<Selection<?>> selectionList)
          Specify the selection items that are to be returned in the query result.
 CriteriaQuery<T> multiselect(Selection<?>... selections)
          Specify the selection items that are to be returned in the query result.
 CriteriaQuery<T> orderBy(java.util.List<Order> o)
          Specify the ordering expressions that are used to order the query results.
 CriteriaQuery<T> orderBy(Order... o)
          Specify the ordering expressions that are used to order the query results.
 CriteriaQuery<T> select(Selection<? extends T> selection)
          Specify the item that is to be returned in the query result.
 CriteriaQuery<T> where(Expression<java.lang.Boolean> restriction)
          Modify the query to restrict the query result according to the specified boolean expression.
 CriteriaQuery<T> where(Predicate... restrictions)
          Modify the query to restrict the query result according to the conjunction of the specified restriction predicates.
 
Methods inherited from interface javax.persistence.criteria.AbstractQuery
from, from, getGroupList, getGroupRestriction, getRestriction, getResultType, getRoots, getSelection, isDistinct, subquery
 

Method Detail

select

CriteriaQuery<T> select(Selection<? extends T> selection)
Specify the item that is to be returned in the query result. Replaces the previously specified selection(s), if any.

Note: Applications using the string-based API may need to specify the type of the select item when it results from a get or join operation and the query result type is specified.

     For example:

     CriteriaQuery<String> q = cb.createQuery(String.class);
     Root<Order> order = q.from(Order.class);
     q.select(order.get("shippingAddress").<String>get("state"));
 
     CriteriaQuery<Product> q2 = cb.createQuery(Product.class);
     q2.select(q2.from(Order.class)
                 .join("items")
                 .<Item,Product>join("product"));
 
 

Parameters:
selection - selection specifying the item that is to be returned in the query result
Returns:
the modified query
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the selection is a compound selection and more than one selection item has the same assigned alias

multiselect

CriteriaQuery<T> multiselect(Selection<?>... selections)
Specify the selection items that are to be returned in the query result. Replaces the previously specified selection(s), if any. The type of the result of the query execution depends on the specification of the type of the criteria query object created as well as the arguments to the multiselect method.

An argument to the multiselect method must not be a tuple- or array-valued compound selection item.

The semantics of this method are as follows:

Parameters:
selections - selection items corresponding to the results to be returned by the query
Returns:
the modified query
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if a selection item is not valid or if more than one selection item has the same assigned alias

multiselect

CriteriaQuery<T> multiselect(java.util.List<Selection<?>> selectionList)
Specify the selection items that are to be returned in the query result. Replaces the previously specified selection(s), if any.

The type of the result of the query execution depends on the specification of the type of the criteria query object created as well as the argument to the multiselect method. An element of the list passed to the multiselect method must not be a tuple- or array-valued compound selection item.

The semantics of this method are as follows:

Parameters:
selectionList - list of selection items corresponding to the results to be returned by the query
Returns:
the modified query
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if a selection item is not valid or if more than one selection item has the same assigned alias

where

CriteriaQuery<T> where(Expression<java.lang.Boolean> restriction)
Modify the query to restrict the query result according to the specified boolean expression. Replaces the previously added restriction(s), if any. This method only overrides the return type of the corresponding AbstractQuery method.

Specified by:
where in interface AbstractQuery<T>
Parameters:
restriction - a simple or compound boolean expression
Returns:
the modified query

where

CriteriaQuery<T> where(Predicate... restrictions)
Modify the query to restrict the query result according to the conjunction of the specified restriction predicates. Replaces the previously added restriction(s), if any. If no restrictions are specified, any previously added restrictions are simply removed. This method only overrides the return type of the corresponding AbstractQuery method.

Specified by:
where in interface AbstractQuery<T>
Parameters:
restrictions - zero or more restriction predicates
Returns:
the modified query

groupBy

CriteriaQuery<T> groupBy(Expression<?>... grouping)
Specify the expressions that are used to form groups over the query results. Replaces the previous specified grouping expressions, if any. If no grouping expressions are specified, any previously added grouping expressions are simply removed. This method only overrides the return type of the corresponding AbstractQuery method.

Specified by:
groupBy in interface AbstractQuery<T>
Parameters:
grouping - zero or more grouping expressions
Returns:
the modified query

groupBy

CriteriaQuery<T> groupBy(java.util.List<Expression<?>> grouping)
Specify the expressions that are used to form groups over the query results. Replaces the previous specified grouping expressions, if any. If no grouping expressions are specified, any previously added grouping expressions are simply removed. This method only overrides the return type of the corresponding AbstractQuery method.

Specified by:
groupBy in interface AbstractQuery<T>
Parameters:
grouping - list of zero or more grouping expressions
Returns:
the modified query

having

CriteriaQuery<T> having(Expression<java.lang.Boolean> restriction)
Specify a restriction over the groups of the query. Replaces the previous having restriction(s), if any. This method only overrides the return type of the corresponding AbstractQuery method.

Specified by:
having in interface AbstractQuery<T>
Parameters:
restriction - a simple or compound boolean expression
Returns:
the modified query

having

CriteriaQuery<T> having(Predicate... restrictions)
Specify restrictions over the groups of the query according the conjunction of the specified restriction predicates. Replaces the previously added having restriction(s), if any. If no restrictions are specified, any previously added restrictions are simply removed. This method only overrides the return type of the corresponding AbstractQuery method.

Specified by:
having in interface AbstractQuery<T>
Parameters:
restrictions - zero or more restriction predicates
Returns:
the modified query

orderBy

CriteriaQuery<T> orderBy(Order... o)
Specify the ordering expressions that are used to order the query results. Replaces the previous ordering expressions, if any. If no ordering expressions are specified, the previous ordering, if any, is simply removed, and results will be returned in no particular order. The left-to-right sequence of the ordering expressions determines the precedence, whereby the leftmost has highest precedence.

Parameters:
o - zero or more ordering expressions
Returns:
the modified query

orderBy

CriteriaQuery<T> orderBy(java.util.List<Order> o)
Specify the ordering expressions that are used to order the query results. Replaces the previous ordering expressions, if any. If no ordering expressions are specified, the previous ordering, if any, is simply removed, and results will be returned in no particular order. The order of the ordering expressions in the list determines the precedence, whereby the first element in the list has highest precedence.

Parameters:
o - list of zero or more ordering expressions
Returns:
the modified query

distinct

CriteriaQuery<T> distinct(boolean distinct)
Specify whether duplicate query results will be eliminated. A true value will cause duplicates to be eliminated. A false value will cause duplicates to be retained. If distinct has not been specified, duplicate results must be retained. This method only overrides the return type of the corresponding AbstractQuery method.

Specified by:
distinct in interface AbstractQuery<T>
Parameters:
distinct - boolean value specifying whether duplicate results must be eliminated from the query result or whether they must be retained
Returns:
the modified query.

getOrderList

java.util.List<Order> getOrderList()
Return the ordering expressions in order of precedence. Returns empty list if no ordering expressions have been specified. Modifications to the list do not affect the query.

Returns:
the list of ordering expressions

getParameters

java.util.Set<ParameterExpression<?>> getParameters()
Return the parameters of the query. Returns empty set if there are no parameters. Modifications to the set do not affect the query.

Returns:
the query parameters


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