javax.persistence
Annotation Type OneToMany


@Target(value={METHOD,FIELD})
@Retention(value=RUNTIME)
public @interface OneToMany

Defines a many-valued association with one-to-many multiplicity.

If the collection is defined using generics to specify the element type, the associated target entity type need not be specified; otherwise the target entity class must be specified. If the relationship is bidirectional, the mappedBy element must be used to specify the relationship field or property of the entity that is the owner of the relationship.

The OneToMany annotation may be used within an embeddable class contained within an entity class to specify a relationship to a collection of entities. If the relationship is bidirectional, the mappedBy element must be used to specify the relationship field or property of the entity that is the owner of the relationship. When the collection is a java.util.Map, the cascade element and the orphanRemoval element apply to the map value.


    Example 1: One-to-Many association using generics

    // In Customer class:

    @OneToMany(cascade=ALL, mappedBy="customer")
    public Set<Order> getOrders() { return orders; }

    In Order class:

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name="CUST_ID", nullable=false)
    public Customer getCustomer() { return customer; }


    Example 2: One-to-Many association without using generics

    // In Customer class:

    @OneToMany(targetEntity=com.acme.Order.class, cascade=ALL,
                mappedBy="customer")
    public Set getOrders() { return orders; }

    // In Order class:

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name="CUST_ID", nullable=false)
    public Customer getCustomer() { return customer; }


    Example 3: Unidirectional One-to-Many association using a foreign key mapping

    // In Customer class:

    @OneToMany(orphanRemoval=true)
    @JoinColumn(name="CUST_ID") // join column is in table for Order
    public Set<Order> getOrders() {return orders;}
    
 

Since:
Java Persistence 1.0

Optional Element Summary
 CascadeType[] cascade
          (Optional) The operations that must be cascaded to the target of the association.
 FetchType fetch
          (Optional) Whether the association should be lazily loaded or must be eagerly fetched.
 java.lang.String mappedBy
          The field that owns the relationship.
 boolean orphanRemoval
          (Optional) Whether to apply the remove operation to entities that have been removed from the relationship and to cascade the remove operation to those entities.
 java.lang.Class targetEntity
          (Optional) The entity class that is the target of the association.
 

targetEntity

public abstract java.lang.Class targetEntity
(Optional) The entity class that is the target of the association. Optional only if the collection property is defined using Java generics. Must be specified otherwise.

Defaults to the parameterized type of the collection when defined using generics.

Default:
void.class

cascade

public abstract CascadeType[] cascade
(Optional) The operations that must be cascaded to the target of the association.

Defaults to no operations being cascaded.

When the target collection is a java.util.Map, the cascade element applies to the map value.

Default:
{}

fetch

public abstract FetchType fetch
(Optional) Whether the association should be lazily loaded or must be eagerly fetched. The EAGER strategy is a requirement on the persistence provider runtime that the associated entities must be eagerly fetched. The LAZY strategy is a hint to the persistence provider runtime.

Default:
javax.persistence.FetchType.LAZY

mappedBy

public abstract java.lang.String mappedBy
The field that owns the relationship. Required unless the relationship is unidirectional.

Default:
""

orphanRemoval

public abstract boolean orphanRemoval
(Optional) Whether to apply the remove operation to entities that have been removed from the relationship and to cascade the remove operation to those entities.

Since:
Java Persistence 2.0
Default:
false


Submit a bug or feature

Copyright © 2009-2011, Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Use is subject to license terms.

Generated on 10-February-2011 12:41


Spec-Zone.ru - all specs in one place



free hit counter