javax.persistence
Annotation Type OneToOne


@Target(value={METHOD,FIELD})
@Retention(value=RUNTIME)
public @interface OneToOne

Defines a single-valued association to another entity that has one-to-one multiplicity. It is not normally necessary to specify the associated target entity explicitly since it can usually be inferred from the type of the object being referenced. If the relationship is bidirectional, the non-owning side must use the mappedBy element of the OneToOne annotation to specify the relationship field or property of the owning side.

The OneToOne annotation may be used within an embeddable class to specify a relationship from the embeddable class to an entity class. If the relationship is bidirectional and the entity containing the embeddable class is on the owning side of the relationship, the non-owning side must use the mappedBy element of the OneToOne annotation to specify the relationship field or property of the embeddable class. The dot (".") notation syntax must be used in the mappedBy element to indicate the relationship attribute within the embedded attribute. The value of each identifier used with the dot notation is the name of the respective embedded field or property.

    Example 1: One-to-one association that maps a foreign key column

    // On Customer class:

    @OneToOne(optional=false)
    @JoinColumn(
        name="CUSTREC_ID", unique=true, nullable=false, updatable=false)
    public CustomerRecord getCustomerRecord() { return customerRecord; }

    // On CustomerRecord class:

    @OneToOne(optional=false, mappedBy="customerRecord")
    public Customer getCustomer() { return customer; }


    Example 2: One-to-one association that assumes both the source and target share the same primary key values. 

    // On Employee class:

    @Entity
    public class Employee {
        @Id Integer id;
    
        @OneToOne @MapsId
        EmployeeInfo info;
        ...
    }

    // On EmployeeInfo class:

    @Entity
    public class EmployeeInfo {
        @Id Integer id;
        ...
    }


    Example 3: One-to-one association from an embeddable class to another entity.

    @Entity
    public class Employee {
       @Id int id;
       @Embedded LocationDetails location;
       ...
    }

    @Embeddable
    public class LocationDetails {
       int officeNumber;
       @OneToOne ParkingSpot parkingSpot;
       ...
    }

    @Entity
    public class ParkingSpot {
       @Id int id;
       String garage;
       @OneToOne(mappedBy="location.parkingSpot") Employee assignedTo;
        ... 
    } 

 

Since:
Java Persistence 1.0

Optional Element Summary
 CascadeType[] cascade
          (Optional) The operations that must be cascaded to the target of the association.
 FetchType fetch
          (Optional) Whether the association should be lazily loaded or must be eagerly fetched.
 java.lang.String mappedBy
          (Optional) The field that owns the relationship.
 boolean optional
          (Optional) Whether the association is optional.
 boolean orphanRemoval
          (Optional) Whether to apply the remove operation to entities that have been removed from the relationship and to cascade the remove operation to those entities.
 java.lang.Class targetEntity
          (Optional) The entity class that is the target of the association.
 

targetEntity

public abstract java.lang.Class targetEntity
(Optional) The entity class that is the target of the association.

Defaults to the type of the field or property that stores the association.

Default:
void.class

cascade

public abstract CascadeType[] cascade
(Optional) The operations that must be cascaded to the target of the association.

By default no operations are cascaded.

Default:
{}

fetch

public abstract FetchType fetch
(Optional) Whether the association should be lazily loaded or must be eagerly fetched. The EAGER strategy is a requirement on the persistence provider runtime that the associated entity must be eagerly fetched. The LAZY strategy is a hint to the persistence provider runtime.

Default:
javax.persistence.FetchType.EAGER

optional

public abstract boolean optional
(Optional) Whether the association is optional. If set to false then a non-null relationship must always exist.

Default:
true

mappedBy

public abstract java.lang.String mappedBy
(Optional) The field that owns the relationship. This element is only specified on the inverse (non-owning) side of the association.

Default:
""

orphanRemoval

public abstract boolean orphanRemoval
(Optional) Whether to apply the remove operation to entities that have been removed from the relationship and to cascade the remove operation to those entities.

Since:
Java Persistence 2.0
Default:
false


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Generated on 10-February-2011 12:41


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