6.3.1. User Names and Passwords

MySQL stores accounts in the user table of the mysql database. An account is defined in terms of a user name and the client host or hosts from which the user can connect to the server. The account may also have a password. For information about account representation in the user table, see Section 6.2.2, "Privilege System Grant Tables". MySQL 5.7 supports authentication plugins, so it is possible that an account authenticates using some external authentication method. See Section 6.3.7, "Pluggable Authentication".

There are several distinctions between the way user names and passwords are used by MySQL and the way they are used by your operating system:

When you install MySQL, the grant tables are populated with an initial set of accounts. The names and access privileges for these accounts are described in Section 2.10.2, "Securing the Initial MySQL Accounts", which also discusses how to assign passwords to them. Thereafter, you normally set up, modify, and remove MySQL accounts using statements such as CREATE USER, GRANT, and REVOKE. See Section 13.7.1, "Account Management Statements".

When you connect to a MySQL server with a command-line client, specify the user name and password as necessary for the account that you want to use:

shell> mysql --user=monty --password=password db_name

If you prefer short options, the command looks like this:

shell> mysql -u monty -ppassword db_name

There must be no space between the -p option and the following password value.

If you omit the password value following the --password or -p option on the command line, the client prompts for one.

Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. See Section, "End-User Guidelines for Password Security". You can use an option file to avoid giving the password on the command line.

For additional information about specifying user names, passwords, and other connection parameters, see Section 4.2.2, "Connecting to the MySQL Server".

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